Bipolar Disorder (A complete guide)

This article provides a comprehensive guide to bipolar disorder. The article will look into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the bipolar disorder.

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder, commonly known as manic depression, is a mental illness characterized by extremely high and low moods and changes in sleep, thinking, behavior, and energy.

People with bipolar disorder can have periods of extreme joy and energy and other periods with extreme hopelessness, sadness, and sluggish behavior. In the middle of these periods, they are often feeling normal. Thinking of the lows and highs as two mood poles, hence the name “bipolar” disorder.

The term “manic” refers to the times when the person feels excited, confident, and overjoyed. These feelings can be accompanied by irritability and reckless or impulsive decision making. Almost half the people during their mania can have delusions or hallucinations

The term “Hypomania” refers to the milder symptoms of mania. In this period, a person does not have delusions or hallucinations, and their extreme symptoms do not interfere with their daily life.

The word “depressive” characterizes the feeling when the person is typically very sad or depressed. The symptoms in these phases are like those of major depressive order or clinical depression, a condition in which someone never has manic or hypomanic episodes.

The majority of people with bipolar disorder spend more time in the depressive phase than the hypomanic or manic phase.

What Are The Types of Bipolar Disorder?

According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are four main categories of bipolar disorder:

  1. Bipolar I disorder: In these manic episodes last for at least seven days and have psychotic or manic symptoms. Episodes of the “extreme down” period usually last for two weeks and pose more of the depressive features.
  2. Bipolar II disorder: It is characterized by one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode in your lifetime. Common symptoms in the major depressive episode of bipolar II disorder include insomnia or hypersomnia, severe fatigue, uncontrollable crying, recurring death thoughts, or suicidal thoughts.
  3. Cyclothymic disorder: It is the middle form of bipolar disorder. It consists of mood swings. It usually develops in adolescence and stays for one year, whereas in adults, it stays for at least two years. As the symptoms are not so extreme and intense, they function normally but may appear moody or difficult to others.
  4. Bipolar disorder due to another medical or substance abuse disorder: It does not have any specific pattern like the ones mentioned above. Bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder is known as ‘dual diagnosis’, and thus requires to be addressed with a specialist.

What Are The Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder does not have a set pattern of the dramatic episodes of highs and lows. Some people may feel the same (manic or depressed) more frequently before transitioning to the other mood. These episodes can occur over a duration of weeks, months, and even sometimes years.

The severity may differ from person to person and also change over time, fluctuating between less to more severe.

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Some symptoms of mania (high episode) are:

  • Overjoy, excitement, and optimism
  • Sudden transition from happiness to being irritable, angry, and violent.
  • Restless behavior
  • High energy and less need for sleep
  • Lack of concentration and rapid speech
  • High libido
  • Poor decision and judgment 
  • Substance and alcohol abuse
  • Impulsiveness
  • Lack of appetite
  • Less need for sleep
  • Easily distracted
  • A large sense of self-confidence and well-being

During depressive episode or the low phase the symptoms may be exhibited as follows:

  • Feeling of hopelessness, worthlessness, and overall pessimist view.
  • Loss of energy
  • Not able to enjoy the things that they previously did.
  • Trouble focusing
  • Forgetfulness
  • Slow speech
  • Less libido
  • Inability to feel pleasure
  • Uncontrolled crying
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Needing more sleep
  • Trouble in decision making
  • Appetite changes leading to weight gain or weight loss.
  • Death or suicidal thoughts
  • Attempts to suicide. 

What are the Bipolar Disorder Causes?

There is not a single cause of the bipolar disorder. Research has shown there could be a number of factors that can contribute to bipolar disorder in some people.

The main cause of bipolar disorder is believed to be chemical imbalances in the brain. The neurotransmitters serotonin, noradrenaline, and dopamine, one or more of these, experience an imbalance. Moreover, genetics and triggering factors can also contribute to bipolar episodes.

What Are The Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder?

Usually, bipolar disorder is developed in late adolescence or young adulthood. It is very rare to happen in early childhood.

Bipolar disorder can run in families.

Both men and women are equally likely to have it. Women are slightly more susceptible than men to go through ‘rapid cycling’, which has four or more distinct mood episodes throughout the year.

Females are also likely to have more depressed phases than males with bipolar disorder.

In women, bipolar disorder usually happens later in life, and they are more likely to be hit with Bipolar II disorder and are also prone to seasonal mood changes.

A combination of mental and medical concerns is more common in the female population. The medical conditions can include migraine, thyroid disease, and anxiety disorder.

Some key risk factors in developing bipolar disorder are:

  • Having a family member with bipolar disorder.
  • Drugs or alcohol abuse
  • High stress or traumatic phase
  • Health conditions

People with conditions of drugs or alcohol abuse are susceptible to mania or depression. People with bipolar disorder are also expected to have seasonal depression, co-occurring anxiety disorders, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD).

How is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?

If your or your loved ones have symptoms of bipolar disorder, communicate with a family doctor or a psychiatrist. They’ll ask relevant mental health questions and your family history. You’ll also get a complete psychiatric evaluation to rule out the chances of bipolar disorder or other underlying mental health concerns.

Diagnosis of bipolar disorder is determining whether the symptoms are due to other conditions(alcohol or drugs) or medical issues (low thyroid). How severe are the conditions? What was the duration of these conditions? How frequently are the symptoms?

The most significant symptoms of highs or lows in moods, together with changes in sleep, appetite, energy, thinking, and behavior, can help in the diagnosis.

Diagnosis of children and teenagers can be challenging. Although the symptoms may be the same as adults, they have a risk of being misdiagnosed as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or even bad temper/behavior.

If you are worried your child might have bipolar disorder, consult and discuss with your doctor for a referral to a child psychologist. 

Treatments For Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder can be treated; it is an ongoing treatment as it’s a long term condition. 

People with four or more mood episodes in a year, or people with alcohol or drug addictions, will be difficult to treat.

Medication

Medication is the primary treatment, majorly involving:

  • Antidepressants
  • Mood stabilizers, like lamotrigine, carbamazepine, valproate, or lithium.
  • Antipsychotic drugs like quetiapine, cariprazine, olanzapine, and lurasidone.
  • Anti-anxiety pills or sleep medicines like benzodiazepines or sedatives.
  • Antidepressant-antipsychotic drugs, a combination of antidepressant and mood stabilizers.

It can take some time to discover the right combination for you. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should talk to their doctor about medications that are safe for safety.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is also recommended, along with medications. Some of the options in this regard are:

  • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (ISPRT)
  • Psychoeducation
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Family-focused therapy

Other Treatment Options

  • Acupuncture: There is some evidence that acupuncture therapy can help with depression caused by bipolar disorder.
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): Small dosage of electric shocks can reboot the brain and change the balance of some neurotransmitters. Although it’s a last resort, it’s much safer and controlled, and has fewer side effects and risks, as compared to the earlier days of this treatment.
  • Supplements: Supplementary vitamins can help with bipolar disorder, but they may be possible issues with them. For example, unregulated ingredients can result in side-effects. Be sure to let your doctor know if you are using any supplements.

Lifestyle Changes

  • Some lifestyle changes can also be helpful:
  • Regular exercise and workout regimen
  • Follow a routine
  • Learn to pick your mood swings.
  • Get support from family, friends, or groups.
  • Learn to manage stress.
  • Keep a journal or chart for your symptoms.
  • Find sports and healthy hobbies.
  • Avoid alcohol or recreational drugs.

The more you know about your conditions and symptoms, the better you’ll be able to manage your episodes. It will be helpful to have a compassionate company to manage your condition. Support groups and friends can help you in talking through the situation.

Conclusion

This article provided a comprehensive guide to bipolar disorder. It also looked into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental illness. It implies you’ll have to cope and live with it for your entire life. The sooner you get the diagnosis, the better will be the outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Bipolar Disorder

What are the four types of bipolar disorder?

According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are four main categories of bipolar disorder:

  1. Bipolar I disorder: In these manic episodes last for at least seven days and have psychotic or manic symptoms. Episodes usually last for two weeks and pose more of the depressive features.
  2. Bipolar II disorder: It is characterized by one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode in your lifetime. Common symptoms in the major depressive episode of bipolar II disorder include insomnia or hypersomnia, severe fatigue, uncontrollable crying, recurring death thoughts, or suicidal thoughts.
  3. Cyclothymic disorder: It is the middle form of bipolar disorder. It consists of mood swings. It usually develops in adolescence. They function normally but may appear moody or difficult to others.
  4. Bipolar disorder due to another medical or substance abuse disorder. It does not have any specific pattern like the ones mentioned above. 

What is the main cause of bipolar disorder?

The main cause of bipolar disorder is believed to be chemical imbalances in the brain. The neurotransmitters serotonin, noradrenaline, and dopamine, one or more of these, experience an imbalance. Moreover, genetics and triggering factors can also contribute to bipolar episodes.

How do I know if I’m bipolar?

To be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, you should have at least one manic or hypomanic experience. The signs and symptoms to watch for are extreme fluctuations in mood, sleep, energy, thinking, and behavior. 

Can bipolar go away?

Although the symptoms of the bipolar disorder come and go, the treatment is lifetime, and it does not go away on its own.

Bipolar disorder can be a major factor in job loss, family discord, and suicide, but proper treatment can lead to better outcomes.

Can a bipolar person truly love?

Yes, a person with bipolar disorder can truly love. However, their symptoms and episodes can get overwhelming. So if you love someone with bipolar disorder, be patient and understanding with them and encourage them for treatment.

References

https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/bipolar-disorders/what-are-bipolar-disorders

Am I Bipolar Test (5 signs you are)

In this guide, we’ll look at the details of bipolar disorder and how to self-test for bipolar disorder symptoms. It will also provide a range of treatment options for bipolar disorder. 

Am I Bipolar?: Self-Examination for Bipolar Disorder

Although there are no reliable online platforms that offer “Am I Bipolar Disorder” tests, some websites provide quiz and scales to give initial symptoms or indication that you may have bipolar disorder.

Online tests typically have questions regarding a person’s moods, behaviors, and usual lifestyle choices. It is necessary to check the authenticity of these quizzes because self-diagnosis can be problematic. Therefore, if you suspect you might have bipolar disorder, then you can observe your behavior for more than two weeks for the followings signs:

The bipolar test is given below if you are currently experiencing symptoms; note that if you have these symptoms for more than a week, then consult your doctor to confirm.

Keep count of the questions where you answered Yes in the following sections.

Section 1

  • Are you experiencing unusually high energy and/or activities?
  • Are you abnormally overjoyed, although nothing in life is adding to it? The happiness may have started with something special, but the feeling lasted longer than usual.
  • Do you have an unusually expansive mood?
  • Are you unusually irritable for no reason?

Section 2

These symptoms should show a noteworthy difference from your typical behavior experiences.

  • Are you feeling rested with only a few hours of sleep?
  • Is your self-esteem increased than usual, or are you experiencing grandiosity?
  • Are you having racing thoughts, or are you speaking rapidly, switching topic to topic, or a flight of ideas?
  • Are you talking more than typical, or you feel like you must keep talking?
  • Are you easily distracted?
  • Are you taking impulsive risks without any fear of consequences?
  • Are you extremely restless or impulsively overcommitting to various projects?

Section 3

  • Are you having delusions and hallucinations?
  • Is your behavior causing severe difficulties in your life (for instance, in school or at work)?
  • Have you been hospitalized due to these symptoms to prevent harming others or yourself?

Scoring the Bipolar Mania Test

After scoring your results, it is important to read about additional critical factors.

Section 1

1 Yes = 0 point

2+ Yes = 1 point

Section 2

1-2 Yes = 0 point

3+ Yes = 1 point

Section 3

1+ Yes = 1 point

 Results

Generally, 3 points are necessary to be diagnosed with a manic episode. Nonetheless, the occurrence of any symptoms in either section is a sign that you need mental health evaluation. In the end, it is a qualified medical practitioner who can confirm the diagnosis for bipolar disorder.

 Other possibilities

  • You can have mixed episodes.
  • You can be experiencing hypomania instead of mania.
  • You may have other illnesses like schizophrenia or brief psychotic disorder.

Additional Factors

It would help if you also considered the following factors:

  • Did your symptoms start with the use of illegal drugs or alcohol? If yes, the diagnosis of mania can’t be confirmed, but you should take help immediately.
  • Did your symptoms start after the prescription drugs or other medical treatment? If yes, a doctor’s occurrence of bipolar mania should be assessed, but immediate treatment must be sought.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are four main categories of bipolar disorder:

  1. Bipolar I disorder: In these manic episodes last for at least seven days and have psychotic or manic symptoms. Episodes of the “extreme down” period usually last for two weeks and pose more of the depressive features.
  2. Bipolar II disorder: It is characterized by one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode in your lifetime. Common symptoms in the major depressive episode of bipolar II disorder include insomnia or hypersomnia, severe fatigue, uncontrollable crying, recurring death thoughts, or suicidal thoughts.
  3. Cyclothymic disorder: It is the middle form of bipolar disorder. It consists of mood swings. It usually develops in adolescence and stays for one year, whereas it stays for at least two years in adults. As the symptoms are not so extreme and intense, they usually function but may appear moody or difficult to others.
  4. Bipolar disorder due to another medical or substance abuse disorder: It does not have any specific pattern like the ones mentioned above. Bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder is known as ‘dual diagnosis’ and requires addressing with a specialist.

What Are The Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder does not have a set pattern of the dramatic episodes of highs and lows. Some people may feel the same (manic or depressed) more frequently before transitioning to another mood. These episodes can occur over weeks, months, and even sometimes years.

The severity may differ from person to person and change over time, fluctuating less to more severe.

Symptoms of Manic Episode.

Some symptoms of mania (high episode) are:

  • Overjoy, excitement, and optimism
  • Sudden transition from happiness to being irritable, angry, and violent.
  • Restless behavior
  • High energy and less need for sleep
  • Lack of concentration and rapid speech
  • High libido
  • Poor decision and judgment 
  • Substance and alcohol abuse
  • Impulsiveness
  • Lack of appetite
  • Less need for sleep
  • Easily distracted
  • A large sense of self-confidence and well-being

Symptoms of Manic Episode

During depressive episode or the low phase the symptoms may be exhibited as follows:

  • Feeling of hopelessness, worthlessness, and overall pessimist view.
  • Loss of energy
  • Not able to enjoy the things that they previously did.
  • Trouble focusing
  • Forgetfulness
  • Slow speech
  • Less libido
  • Inability to feel pleasure
  • Uncontrolled crying
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Needing more sleep
  • Trouble in decision making
  • Appetite changes leading to weight gain or weight loss.
  • Death or suicidal thoughts
  • Attempts to suicide. 

How is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?

If your or your loved ones have symptoms of bipolar disorder, communicate with a family doctor or a psychiatrist. They’ll ask relevant mental health questions and your family history. You’ll also get a complete psychiatric evaluation to rule out the chances of bipolar disorder or other underlying mental health concerns.

Diagnosis of bipolar disorder determines whether the symptoms are due to other conditions(alcohol or drugs) or medical issues (low thyroid). How severe are the conditions? What was the duration of these conditions? How frequently are the symptoms?

The most significant symptoms of highs or lows in moods, together with changes in sleep, appetite, energy, thinking, and behavior, can help in the diagnosis.

Diagnosis of children and teenagers can be challenging. Although the symptoms may be the same as adults, they have a risk of being misdiagnosed as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or even bad temper/behavior.

If you are worried your child might have bipolar disorder, consult and discuss with your doctor for a referral to a child psychologist. 

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder can be treated; it is an ongoing treatment as it’s a long term condition. 

People with four or more mood episodes in a year, or people with alcohol or drug addictions, will be difficult to treat.

The treatment for bipolar disorder includes medications, primarily involving:

  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-anxiety pills
  • Mood stabilizers.

Psychotherapy and counseling are also recommended along with the medication. This helps in better managing the triggers and mood episodes. Some of the options in therapy include cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (ISPRT), family-focused therapy, and psychoeducation.

The more you know about your conditions and symptoms, the better you’ll be able to manage your episodes. It will be helpful to have a compassionate company to manage your condition. Support groups and friends can help you in talking through the situation.

Conclusion

In this guide, we looked at the details of bipolar disorder and how to self-test for bipolar disorder symptoms. It also provided a range of treatment options for bipolar disorder. 

Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental illness. Self-diagnosis and treatment can be problematic, so avoid any medication without consultation with a qualified medical practitioner.  It implies that you’ll have to cope and live with it for your entire life. Therefore, the sooner you get the diagnosis, the better will be the outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Am I Bipolar Disorder Test (Features and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder–A Complete Guide)

How do you test for bipolar?

There are no particular blood tests or brain scans for the diagnosis of bipolar disorder. However, doctors perform physical examinations and lab tests, including urine analysis and thyroid function tests. The tests help determine if other underlying conditions are not causing the symptoms.

What are the five signs of bipolar?

Both the manic and hypomanic episodes of bipolar disorder may include the following symptoms:

  • Increased energy, activity, or agitation.
  • Decreased need for sleep.
  • Racing thoughts.
  • Distractibility
  • Exaggerated self-confidence (euphoria)

Can I diagnose myself with bipolar disorder?

Yes, a few questions can help you determine the possibility of bipolar disorder. However, these questions do not diagnose; only a medical health practitioner can provide a diagnosis.

  1. Have you experienced episodes of clinical depression that lasted for two or more than two weeks and were unable to work?
  2. Do you experience mood cycles, you observe the ‘highs’ as well as depression episodes?
  3. In the ups, do you feel more hyper and energetic than you usually experience during the typical happiness times?

Do I have bipolar 1 or 2?

Bipolar I disorder comprises periods of extreme mood episodes from mania to depression. Bipolar II disorder is different from bipolar I disorder in the form that the elevated mood episode does not reach the full-blown manic episode, instead it involves episodes of hypomania and extreme depression.

What are the four types of bipolar disorder?

According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are four main categories of bipolar disorder:

  1. Bipolar I disorder: In these manic episodes last for at least seven days and have psychotic or manic symptoms. Episodes usually last for two weeks and pose more of the depressive features.
  2. Bipolar II disorder: It is characterized by one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode in your lifetime. Common symptoms in the major depressive episode of bipolar II disorder include insomnia or hypersomnia, severe fatigue, uncontrollable crying, recurring death thoughts, or suicidal thoughts.
  3. Cyclothymic disorder: It is the middle form of bipolar disorder. It consists of mood swings. It usually develops in adolescence. They function normally but may appear moody or difficult to others.
  4. Bipolar disorder due to another medical or substance abuse disorder: It does not have any specific pattern like the ones mentioned above.

Can bipolar people tell they are bipolar?

No, not everybody with bipolar disorder knows they have the condition. There could be many reasons why somebody with bipolar disorder may not be aware of it–or why they may deny it even if they do. 

References

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/balanced/201904/test-bipolar-disorder

https://www.verywellmind.com/bipolar-mania-quiz-380310

Bipolar II Disorder (A 5 point guide)

This article provides a detailed guide to bipolar II disorder. The article will look into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the bipolar disorder. It will also discuss how bipolar II disorder is different than bipolar I disorder.

What is Bipolar II Disorder?

Bipolar II disorder is a form of mental disorder. Bipolar II is similar to bipolar I disorder, where the mood switches between high and low over time.

However, in the case of bipolar II disorder, the high moods never reach the full-blown extreme of mania. Whereas, the less-intense elevated mood in bipolar II disorder is known as hypomanic episodes or hypomania.

A person with bipolar II disorder has experienced at least one hypomanic episode in their lifetime. The majority of people with bipolar II disorder usually suffer from frequent depressive episodes. This is where the term “manic depression” stems from.

In between these episodes of depression and hypomania, most bipolar II disorder people generally lead normal lives.

Who Develops the Bipolar II Disorder?

Virtually bipolar II disorder can be developed in anyone. Almost 2.5% of the U.S population, constituting six million people,  has some form of bipolar disorder.

The symptoms of bipolar disorder initially start in teens or early 20s. Almost everyone with bipolar II disorder develops the condition before the age of 50. People with a close family member with bipolar disorder are more likely to have the condition.

Symptoms of Bipolar II Disorder

In the hypomanic episodes, a high mood can be exhibited in the form of euphoria or agitation.

Symptoms observed in a hypomanic episode may include:

  • Switching immediately between different ideas.
  • High self-confidence.
  • Fast, uninterrupted, and loud speech.
  • High and increased energy, with a low need for sleep and hyperactivity.

People with hypomanic episodes are actually fun to be around. They appear to be the life of the party–cracking jokes, taking a strong interest in other people and activities, and infecting people with their positive mood.

Now, the question may arise: what could be so bad about being the life of the party?

The answer is, hypomania can lead to intense and unhealthy behavior. Hypomanic episodes can sometimes turn to full-blown manias, which affects the person’s ability to function, i.e., bipolar I disorder.  People may spend money in mania, don’t even have, indulge in sexual activities with people they normally wouldn’t, and engage in impulsive activities that might have potentially dangerous consequences.

However, people with bipolar II disorder observe more prolonged depressive episodes than hypomanic symptoms. Depression can take over soon after hypomania goes, or much later. Some people can also transition back and forth between hypomania and depression, whereas some others have long phases of normal mood in between these episodes.

Depressive symptoms in bipolar II disorder are similar to the typical clinical depression, with low mood, low energy, loss of pleasure, feelings of worthlessness, and suicidal thoughts. Depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder can last weeks, months, or quite rarely years. 

Diagnosis of Bipolar II Disorder

Diagnosis of bipolar II disorder requires the person to have at least one episode of hypomania and at least one episode of depression.

People are typically in an elevated and jolly mood in hypomania and seek medical assistance when they experience depression symptoms. Therefore, there is a high chance that doctors usually misdiagnose bipolar II disorder as depression.

Usually, while the doctor is making a diagnosis, they will:

  • Inquire about the symptoms and their severity.
  • Take family history to rule out the genetic cause of the condition
  • Perform a physical examination.
  • Order tests, like blood tests, to rule out other potential causes.

Then, they use criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to make the final diagnosis.

The doctor may also use a checklist to identify hypomania.

Treatments for Bipolar II Disorder

Hypomania often masks itself as happiness and extreme optimism. When hypomania is not resulting in unhealthy behavior, it is most likely to go unnoticed and untreated. This is in contrast to the complete mania, which by definition causes issues in functioning and thus requires treatment, including medications and possible hospitalization.

Treatment for bipolar II disorder typically includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy. It is a long-term and usually continuous treatment. If a person with bipolar II disorder stops the treatment, symptoms are most likely to return even when they feel well.

Medications

The medication may include the following:

  • Mood stabilizers
  • Antidepressants
  • Antipsychotics
  • Medication to improve quality of sleep

It may take some time to find the perfect combination and dosage. A person would be required to cooperate with their doctor for some period to arrive at a suitable solution.

It is also suggested to report any side effects to their doctor to make the appropriate adjustments. Trusted close ones can also offer better helpful insights.

Mood stabilizers

Lithium: It is highly effective in managing the mood swings (specifically highs) in bipolar disorder. Lithium has been used for over 60 years for bipolar disorder treatment. Lithium may take a few weeks to work completely, making it suitable for long-term treatment rather than acute hypomanic episodes. 

Carbamazepine: It is an antiseizure drug and has been used to treat mania since the 1970s. It is also known to help with bipolar depression or preventing highs and lows. Blood tests for monitoring liver functions and white blood cells are necessary.

Lamotrigine: It is an FDA approved drug used as a maintenance treatment of adult patients with bipolar disorder. It is also known to delay bouts of mood episodes of mania, hypomania, depression, and some mixed episodes in patients with standard therapy treatment. It is specifically suitable for the prevention of low episodes.

Valproate: this antiseizure drug is used for mood regulation. It has more rapid results than lithium; it can be used off label for the prevention of lows and highs. 

Some additional antiseizure medications, like oxcarbazepine, can also be prescribed sometimes for ‘experimental’ treatments for mood episodes or associated symptoms in people with bipolar disorder. 

Antidepressants

Seroquel and Seroquel XR are the FDA approved drugs for bipolar II depression. Common antidepressants like paroxetine, fluoxetine, and sertraline are used for bipolar II depression. These drugs are likely to cause or worsen hypomania rather than bipolar I disorder.

Antipsychotics

Hypomanic episodes usually don’t include psychosis and don’t interfere with functioning. Antipsychotic drugs like asenapine, quetiapine, risperidone, olanzapine, etc., are typically used in hypomania. Some notable Seroquel is used for treating bipolar II depression symptoms.

Benzodiazepines: This drug class includes alprazolam, diazepam, and lorazepam and are known as minor tranquilizers. They are used for the short term management of acute symptoms associated with hypomania, like agitation or insomnia.

Psychotherapy and Counseling

Talking about your challenges and feelings associated with bipolar II disorder can be beneficial.

The aim of psychotherapy or counseling may include the following:

  • Identify beneficial ways for stress management
  • Establish coping strategies for the mood episodes and symptoms
  • Identify triggers and stressors and methods to avoid them.
  • Awareness of the condition to the person with bipolar disorder.

Some people may also suffer from accompanying health issues, like drugs or alcohol abuse disorders. Psychotherapy can help with these conditions, as well.

Lifestyle Changes

Numerous strategies can help people with bipolar II disorder to achieve more stable moods and a deep sense of wellness, comprising:

  • Diet: A healthy, nutritious diet will offer essential nutrients to boost overall health.
  • Exercise: A physically active lifestyle as advised by the doctor can help with stress management and the health of bipolar II disorder people.
  • Sleep: Healthy mind and body require sound sleep. Fixing a sleep schedule will help in mood stabilization and well being.
  • Keep a journal: Tracking your mood changes and life experiences can help identify patterns, stressors, and triggers.

While there is evidence, some supplements can help with mild and moderate symptoms. However, it is critical for people with extreme symptoms to consult a professional medical practitioner. Supplements can help in managing the symptoms and preventing the symptoms when used along with conventional treatment. 

Prior to any supplements, it is necessary to seek the help of your doctor.

Can Bipolar II Disorder Be Prevented?

The causes of bipolar disorder are not entirely understood and if it can be prevented altogether. It is possible to minimize the risk of developing hypomania or depression symptoms when bipolar disorder is developed. Psychotherapy and counseling sessions can help people in the identification of their warning signs and relapse symptoms.

Difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II Disorder

In Bipolar I, a person experiences periods of extreme mood episodes ranging between mania and depression. In this form of the disorder, people experience full mania with abnormally high mood, leading to extreme disruption in life. 

Bipolar II disorder is characterized by elevated mood swings that do not reach a full-blown mania, involving milder hypomania episodes that transition with periods of extreme depression. However, the depressive phase of bipolar II disorder is usually long-lasting and more severe than bipolar I disorder. Therefore, bipolar II disorder is not just a “milder” form of bipolar disorder.

Conclusion

This article provided a comprehensive guide to bipolar II disorder. It also looked into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the bipolar disorder. Moreover, it discussed the difference between bipolar I and bipolar II disorder.

Bipolar II disorder is different than bipolar I disorder because it has a more prolonged and severe depressive episode

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Bipolar II Disorder

What is the difference between bipolar I and II?

In Bipolar I, a person experiences periods of extreme mood episodes ranging between mania and depression. Bipolar II disorder is a mild form of mood swings, involving milder episodes of hypomania that transitions with periods of extreme depression.

Is Bipolar II serious?

Bipolar II disorder is a separate diagnosis, where bipolar I disorder has severe and dangerous episodes of mania while bipolar II disorder has more severe and long periods of depression.

Does Bipolar II get worse with age?

Bipolar II may worsen with age or over time if the condition is untreated. As time goes on, an individual may observe more severe and prolonged episodes than the first time the symptoms appeared.

How does a person with Bipolar II act?

In Bipolar II disorder, a person starts to act in extremes of high and low moods. Manic episodes include increased excitement, energy, impulsive and agitated behavior. Depressive episodes include lack of energy, feelings of worthlessness, low self-esteem, and suicidal thoughts.

Is Bipolar II disorder considered a disability?

Bipolar II disorder is included in the Social Security Listings of Impairments, which implies that if the condition is diagnosed by a qualified medical practitioner and is severe enough to keep you from functioning, you can avail the disability benefits.

References:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319280#outlook

https://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-2-disorder#1

Bipolar Test (+ 5 Symptoms)

This article will discuss the psychology of the bipolar test. It will provide a detailed analysis of biomarkers and the symptoms of bipolar disorder.

What Is A Bipolar Test?

Do you suspect that you might have bipolar mania? You may be worried that you are turning manic? Use the checklist in this article to see the symptoms of mania and test your score at the end.

The bipolar test is given below if you are currently experiencing symptoms; note that if you have these symptoms for more than a week, then consult your doctor to confirm.

Keep count of the questions where you answered Yes in the following sections.

Section 1

  • Are you experiencing unusually high energy and/or activities?
  • Are you abnormally overjoyed, although nothing in life is adding to it? The happiness may have started with something special, but the feeling lasted longer than usual.
  • Do you have an unusually expansive mood?
  • Are you unusually irritable for no reason?

Section 2

These symptoms should show a noteworthy difference from your typical behavior experiences.

  • Are you feeling rested with only a few hours of sleep?
  • Is your self-esteem increased than usual, or are you experiencing grandiosity?
  • Are you having racing thoughts, or are you speaking rapidly, switching topic to topic, or a flight of ideas?
  • Are you talking more than typical, or you feel like you must keep talking?
  • Are you easily distracted?
  • Are you taking impulsive risks without any fear of consequences?
  • Are you extremely restless or impulsively overcommitting to various projects?

Section 3

  • Are you having delusions and hallucinations?
  • Is your behavior causing severe difficulties in your life (for instance, in school or at work)?
  • Have you been hospitalized due to these symptoms to prevent harming others or yourself?

Scoring the Bipolar Mania Test

After scoring your results, it is important to read about additional critical factors.

Section 1

1 Yes = 0 point

2+ Yes = 1 point

Section 2

1-2 Yes = 0 point

3+ Yes = 1 point

Section 3

1+ Yes = 1 point

 Results

Generally, 3 points are necessary to be diagnosed with a manic episode. Nonetheless, the occurrence of any symptoms in either section is a sign that you need mental health evaluation. In the end, it is a qualified medical practitioner who can confirm the diagnosis for bipolar disorder.

 Other possibilities

  • You can have mixed episodes.
  • You can be experiencing hypomania instead of mania.
  • You may have other illnesses like schizophrenia or brief psychotic disorder.

Additional Factors

You should also consider the following factors:

  • Did your symptoms start with the use of illegal drugs or alcohol? If yes, the diagnosis of mania can’t be confirmed, but you should take help immediately.
  • Did your symptoms start after the prescription drugs or other medical treatment? If yes, the occurrence of bipolar mania should be assessed by a doctor, but immediate treatment must be sought.

Milan Study on the Biomarkers of Bipolar Disorder

A group of medical researchers from the University of Policlinico Hospital, Milan, Italy, claimed that they had identified biomarkers for bipolar clients with and without psychosis. The study was published in the journal Bipolar Disorders. It was discovered that the brains of both sets of bipolar clients, with and without psychosis, metabolize glucose in different ways than the ones without bipolar disorder.

The biomarkers have been used in the medical field for a long time now; they are hard to identify in the domain of mental health. Researchers have been searching for biomarkers that can be confidently correlated with mental illnesses. Italian researchers have found the first biomarker for the identification with clinical testing. This is likely to be a major discovery, and it has created a sense of optimism among researchers.

Without biomarkers, mental health researchers are unable to use objective testing to identify if a person has a particular mental illness. 

What are Biomarkers?

Biomarkers are a component of a broad category of medical symptoms; it allows for an objective examination of a phenomenon in the body. It can include swelling, pigmentation, skin rashes, etc. It can be observed by anyone, by the patient, or by a doctor.

On the contrary, there are symptoms. Symptoms are subjective as they are reported by the patient to the doctor. Biomarkers are distinct, according to the National Institute of Health group, the biomarker is “a characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological processes, pathogenic processes or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention.” The biomarkers can be used for prognostic or diagnostic purposes to predict the disease. Biomarkers can help to improve the chances to fight the disease.

Biomarker For Bipolar Disorder

The Italian researchers discovered that by using a tracer, fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), they studied the processing of glucose in the brain with the support of positron emission tomography (PET) scans. The researchers found out that glucose uptake was different among patients of bipolar disorder with and without psychosis, as compared to healthy controls. 

While the findings are not so revolutionary, the study shows that it is an observable process in the brain that is correlated with the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Biomarkers can be eventually used to improve the way mental illnesses are treated. They may also show if any neurochemical process causes them.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder does not have a set pattern of the dramatic episodes of highs and lows. Some people may feel the same (manic or depressed) more frequently before transitioning to the other mood. These episodes can occur over a duration of weeks, months, and even sometimes years.

The severity may differ from person to person and also change over time, fluctuating between less to more severe.

.

Some symptoms of mania (high episode) are:

  • Overjoy, excitement, and optimism
  • Sudden transition from happiness to being irritable, angry, and violent.
  • Restless behavior
  • High energy and less need for sleep
  • Lack of concentration and rapid speech
  • High libido
  • Poor decision and judgment 
  • Substance and alcohol abuse
  • Impulsiveness
  • Lack of appetite
  • Less need for sleep
  • Easily distracted
  • A large sense of self-confidence and well-being

During depressive episode or the low phase the symptoms may be exhibited as follows:

  • Feeling of hopelessness, worthlessness, and overall pessimist view.
  • Loss of energy
  • Not able to enjoy the things that they previously did.
  • Trouble focusing
  • Forgetfulness
  • Slow speech
  • Less libido
  • Inability to feel pleasure
  • Uncontrolled crying
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Needing more sleep
  • Trouble in decision making
  • Appetite changes leading to weight gain or weight loss.
  • Death or suicidal thoughts
  • Attempts to suicide. 

How is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?

If your or your loved ones have symptoms of bipolar disorder, communicate with a family doctor or a psychiatrist. They’ll ask relevant mental health questions and your family history. You’ll also get a complete psychiatric evaluation to rule out the chances of bipolar disorder or other underlying mental health concerns.

Diagnosis of bipolar disorder is determining whether the symptoms are due to other conditions(alcohol or drugs) or medical issues (low thyroid). How severe are the conditions? What was the duration of these conditions? How frequently are the symptoms?

The most significant symptoms of highs or lows in moods, together with changes in sleep, appetite, energy, thinking, and behavior, can help in the diagnosis.

Diagnosis of children and teenagers can be challenging. Although the symptoms may be the same as adults, they have a risk of being misdiagnosed as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or even bad temper/behavior.

If you are worried, your child might have bipolar disorder, consult and discuss with your doctor for a referral to a child psychologist. 

Treatments For Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder can be treated; it is an ongoing treatment as it’s a long term condition. 

People with four or more mood episodes in a year, or people with alcohol or drug addictions, will be difficult to treat.

Medication

Medication is the primary treatment, majorly involving:

  • Antidepressants
  • Mood stabilizers, like lamotrigine, carbamazepine, valproate, or lithium.
  • Antipsychotic drugs like quetiapine, cariprazine, olanzapine, and lurasidone.
  • Anti-anxiety pills or sleep medicines like benzodiazepines or sedatives.
  • Antidepressant-antipsychotic drugs, a combination of antidepressant and mood stabilizers.

It can take some time to discover the right combination for you. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should talk to their doctor about medications that are safe for safety.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is also recommended, along with medications. Some of the options in this regard are:

  • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (ISPRT)
  • Psychoeducation
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Family-focused therapy

The more you know about your conditions and symptoms, the better you’ll be able to manage your episodes. It will be helpful to have a compassionate company to manage your condition. Support groups and friends can help you in talking through the situation.

Conclusion

This article discussed the psychology of the bipolar test. It offered a detailed analysis of biomarkers and the symptoms of bipolar disorder.

If you are seeking 

Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental illness. It implies you’ll have to cope and live with it for your entire life. The sooner you get the diagnosis, the better will be the outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Bipolar Test (How To Identify The Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?)

How do doctors diagnose bipolar?

There are no particular blood tests or brain scans to diagnose bipolar disorder. Nonetheless, your doctor may have physical examination and order lab tests, including thyroid function tests and urine analysis. This analysis will help in determining if the underlying conditions or factors are causing the symptoms.

What are the five signs of bipolar disorder?

Both the manic and hypomanic episodes of bipolar disorder may include the following symptoms:

  • Increased energy, activity, or agitation.
  • Decreased need for sleep.
  • Racing thoughts.
  • Distractibility
  • Exaggerated self-confidence (euphoria)

How do you tell if a person is bipolar?

It is possible to identify if the person is bipolar due to the high or manic episode. Bipolar mania can exhibit the following symptoms:

  1. Feeling overly joyed or “high” for long durations.
  2. Decreased need for sleep.
  3. Fast, uninterrupted speech
  4. Extremely restless and impulsive behavior.
  5. Easily distracted.
  6. High sense of self-confidence and capabilities/
  7. Engaging in risky behavior, such as gambling, impulsive sex, extreme shopping sprees.

Can a bipolar person truly love?

Yes, a person with bipolar disorder can truly love. However, their symptoms and episodes can get overwhelming. So if you love someone with bipolar disorder, be patient and understanding with them and encourage them for treatment.

Can bipolar go away?

Although the symptoms of the bipolar disorder come and go, the treatment is lifetime, and it does not go away on its own.

Bipolar disorder can be a major factor in job loss, family discord, and suicide, but proper treatment can lead to better outcomes.

References

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/balanced/201904/test-bipolar-disorder

https://www.verywellmind.com/bipolar-mania-quiz-380310

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bdi.12710

Yelling At Someone During A Panic Attack

This guide will explore why yelling at someone during a panic attack is damaging. The article will also discuss how to manage and ground someone when they have a panic attack, both in-person and virtually, over text or phone.

Yelling At Someone During A Panic Attack

Yelling at someone during a panic attack can be severely detrimental to the psychological well being of people. According to brain research, it gets difficult to think clearly in the state of fear induced by yelling. When a person hears someone yelling, their brain read that as a danger, and thus they experience extreme fear. After the brain reads it as danger– a response of flight/fight/freeze mode is triggered in the person, depending on the level and amount of threat. The response can range from yelling back in defense to withdrawing from the situation or being numb or mute to the situation. None of it gives a satisfactory outcome.

Some people can get a panic attack when they are being yelled at or just being in a space where yelling is happening. Yelling at someone during a panic attack won’t snap them out of their condition. Instead, it can make it even worse due to the sensitivity to sensory overload and danger.

The brain processes the yelling or loud voices in the same way as it processes danger. Hence the amygdala( the emotional brain) reads these signals as danger and produces a fear response. For someone who is already having a panic attack, the yelling worsens and heightens the fear response. 

Another reason that is yelling at someone who is having a panic attack is a bad idea is that it increases stress hormones and cortisol in the system. It manifests in the form of physical symptoms of anxiety. The physical symptoms cause the rush of adrenaline and cortisol in the body and compel human beings to get away from danger.

Due to the above mentioned psychological problems, both the yeller and the one being yelled at will suffer from ineffective communication, leading them nowhere. They mostly face reactivity management problems. Therefore, it is important to seek professional assistance. Your therapist can help you in resolving the psychological issues of being yelled at.

What Is A Panic Attack And How Can You Identify When Somebody Is Having A Panic Attack?

A panic attack is characterized by the rush of emotional and physical symptoms due to severe fear and anxiety, causing a state of intense arousal, which may exhibit itself as physical pain and constricting feeling in the heart.

Panic attacks can make them feel like they are dying, and the feeling of impending doom is a big symptom of a panic attack. The diagnostic criteria for panic attacks as described in DSM 5 are as follows:

A panic attack is a sudden surge of intense fear or discomfort that reaches a peak within minutes, and during this time, four(or more) of the following symptoms are exhibited:

Note: The sudden surge can happen from a state of calm or anxiousness.

  • Shaking or trembling
  • Sweating
  • Palpitations, rapid heart rate, or pounding heart.
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Choking feelings.
  • Chest pain or congestion feeling.
  • Nausea or abdominal distress.
  • Heat or chills sensation.
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
  • Paresthesias (feeling of numbness or tingling sensations).
  • Fear of losing control or feeling like they are going crazy.
  • Feel like dying
  • derealization (unreal) or depersonalization (detachment from one’s self).

Note: At least one of the panic attacks has been followed by a month (or more) of one or both the following:

  • Persistent worry or concern regarding additional attacks and their impacts (Going crazy, loss of control, and having a heart attack).
  • A significant maladaptive behavioral change related to the attacks (strategies to avoid panic attacks, like exercises and active lifestyle).

Any other mental disorder does not explain the disturbance ( panic attacks do not happen as a response to social situations, as in social anxiety disorder; in response to the phobic objects, as in particular phobia; obsessions, as in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); in response to traumatic events, like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or in response to separation from an attachment figure, like separation anxiety disorder).

Things Not To Say To Somebody During A Panic Attack

There are certain things that you should absolutely never say to someone during a panic attack. It won’t help the person in calming the situation, nor will it diffuse their panic. Following are some of the things you should avoid saying to people experiencing a panic attack:

  • Don’t say “calm down.”
  • Don’t disregard their state. Refrain from “it is all in your head.” or “It will be fine, or it will pass.”
  • Don’t embarrass or shame them for their condition. Nothing along the lines of “here we go again” or “here comes the drama queen/king.”.
  • Don’t minimize by bringing up your own experiences. “It happened to me too.” “I got anxiety too, and I did this.”
  • “Don’t think of scary things.”
  • “You aren’t trying hard enough.”
  • “You are blowing it out of proportion.”

Avoid all the condescending and minimizing things to someone who is having a panic attack can make the symptoms even worse. This can also make them feel isolated and embarrassed of their condition, and they may not reach out for help.

Encouraging statements is not necessary; sometimes, silent presence can be helpful, or trying out breathing exercises with the person can help them calm down.

How to Soothe Someone During Panic Attack Over The Phone

Helping someone during a panic attack over the phone can be challenging. Nonetheless, it is possible.

When someone is experiencing a panic attack, and you can stay on the phone, whether or on-call or over text. You need to keep them on line if they are not too responsive. Keep reassuring them or send emojis to know you are there through their storm.

  • “I know this is an overwhelming situation, but you are doing a good job. I am proud of you.”
  • “You can get through this.”
  • “Tell me what I can do for you? What do you need right now?”
  • “Stay with me, and keep listening to what I am saying.”
  • “Focus on your breathing. Stay in the present. Breathe with me.”
  • “I may not know exactly how you are feeling, but we’ll get through this together.”
  • “Tell me 5 things that you can touch in your vicinity? Name 5 colors around you right now? Tell 5 smells in the room? Is there anything that you can taste or eat nearby?”
  • “You are a brave young man/lady; you have got this.”

You may not necessarily know how to take out the person from their panic mode over the phone. However, your reassuring presence will be more helpful to the person than you may think. It is suggested to only offer constructive and doable advice; if you can’t do that, it’s best to stay quiet and present with their experience.

It is important to ground the person and ensure they are connected with reality. So if someone is reaching out to you in their time of need, i.e., you must ensure you are sincerely present with them during a panic attack.

Panic attacks can be challenging, and devising coping strategies for such situations is essential to get you through the situations. If you are unable to manage your panic attacks, consider seeking a qualified professional therapist; they will work with you to find the solution.

Conclusion

This guide explored why yelling at someone during a panic attack is damaging. The article discussed how to manage and ground someone when they have a panic attack, both in-person and virtually, over text or phone.

Panic attacks may feel like the world is crumbling apart, and you are dying. Yelling at someone while they are having a panic attack is not only humiliating but downright condescending and inhumane. To the one who is having a panic attack, it aggravates the feeling of loss of control and heightens their emotional condition.

If you experience panic attacks due to loud noises and voices, reach out to us about your coping strategies during such a situation. If you have any questions regarding panic attacks due to yelling, let us know in the comments below.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS): Yelling At Someone During A Panic Attack

Can you get angry during a panic attack?

Yes. It is a common sight people with panic disorders or other anxiety disorders can get angry due to the frustration because of their condition. The person may blame themselves or others for their condition, aggravating their resentment and anger.

What should you not say during a panic attack?

Some of the things that you must not say anyone during a panic attack are:

  • Don’t say “calm down.”
  • Don’t disregard their state. Refrain from it is all in your head or it will be fine or it will pass.
  • Don’t embarrass or shame them for their condition. Nothing along the lines of here we go again.
  • Don’t minimize by bringing up your own experiences.

Why does yelling trigger my anxiety?

Frequent yelling can change the brain, mind, and body in multiple ways; increased activity of the amygdala (the emotional brain) causes the increase in stress hormones in the bloodstream. The physical manifestation of anxiety can then be observed in the form of tenses muscles, palpitations, and hyperventilation.

Can you get PTSD from someone yelling at you?

Yes. Yelling is usually a contributing factor in more serious kinds of abuse, for instance, domestic violence and verbal abuse. These events are registered as trauma memory in your brain and body. When a specific sound is played, it can cause a replay of that traumatic memory, putting you into the flight, flight, or freeze mode. Common examples may include someone yelling in anger, a baby crying, screaming, loud noise, etc.

How do you calm down when having a panic attack?

Deep breathing is key to grounding when someone has a panic attack. Ask them to have 5 to 10 deep breaths. 

Another way of grounding is to point out three things that you see around you and find attractive. Three things that you find soothing to touch. Three things that you can smell in your surroundings. Three things that you can hear in your surroundings. Thus, engaging them with their senses will help them return to reality and get them out of their fearful state.

Can being yelled at cause anxiety?

Yes, yelling can induce anxiety in some people. Studies have observed a connection between emotional abuse and psychological issues like depression and anxiety. These behaviors may lead to worsened behavior and may involve self-destructive activities.

References

https://www.healthline.com/health/parenting/yelling-at-kids#effects-on-children

Pushing People Away Psychology (Detailed Guide)

This detailed guide will discuss the psychology behind why some people habitually push people away and what do they get by doing this. It will also highlight the underlying and deep-rooted causes of this behavior and some ways in which this pattern can be switched to secure attachment.

Why People Push Others Away

People may have an unhealthy psychological behavior of pushing others away due to numerous reasons. Some of them are listed below:

  • To get more love and attention.
  • They may feel threatened, so this behavior gives them a false sense of self-protection.
  • To avoid and manage conflicts.
  • To cope with feelings of unworthiness, rejection, or abandonment.
  • Fear of vulnerability
  • Need for freedom and autonomy

People Push Others Away In Hopes of Getting More Love and Attention

Pushing people aways can arise from an avoidant attachment style, developed at a young age due to how the caregivers and parents attended to the child.

Some children only got attention from their parents when something went wrong. The parents liked to be ‘fixers’ if the negative emotions came up, or due to their own busyness, they didn’t prioritize the child. The child learns shortly that if he pushes the parents aways, they’ll keep loving him. He could actually get more of the parents by making himself less available to the parents. 

In adult relationships and friendships, this results in the push-and-pull game where the more emotionally unavailable partner is pursued and has more power.

These people have a hard time accepting good in their lives because they repeatedly learned that being content and happy leads to abandonment.

People Push Others Away When They Feel Threatened

When people feel frightened and threatened, they push others away to get a false sense of self-protection and control. One of the drawbacks of this behavior is the unhelpful stories about oneself projected on others when they are too consumed with what others think of us. Hence, this behavior exhibits as the scapegoat entrapping the person in their own unhealthy sense of self.

Pushing People Away To Avoid Conflict

People who lack the emotional maturity to handle conflict are more likely to invalidate the environment. They would be most likely to steer away from the situations and people that may trigger their buttons. These people have developed learned helpless behavior towards informing their wishes, needs, and boundaries. They behave like a child who is not being heard, even as an adult with other adults. This shows a learned communication pattern of discarding the entire bond rather than telling how they actually feel.

“Fawning” is a maladaptive way of creating security in the connections to get others’ approval. This is more evident in the trauma survivors; they are more prone to ghosting in relationships because of the fear of conflict and authenticity. Fawners also have perfectionist tendencies with unrealistic expectations for their relationships. If they can’t manage others’ perspectives of them, they tend to bail. They usually keep their insecurities, feelings, and vulnerabilities concealed.

Pushing People Away to Cope with Feelings of Unworthiness, Rejection, or Abandonment

Pushing people away is one of the ‘reactivity’ management styles. The person is most likely to blame themselves or treat themselves as the cause of rejection. These feelings are usually working against their own selves. Being critical of your own self and your own qualities leads them to sabotage the situation. Hence, they makeup and exaggerate their own perceived shortcomings and then resort to pushing people away. By this behavior, they hope to protect others from their own self because they assume that it will leave them in rejection or abandonment if they reveal their genuine feelings. So, they find it safe to push others away, even though they may not actually want to.

Pushing People Away Due to Fear of Vulnerability

Vulnerability is the foundation of real and genuine connections, be it friendship or relationships. It allows others to see you as you are, the good, the bad, and the ugly. Pushing people away indicates that they are afraid to let their guards down and show others the ‘real’ self. They are convinced that if they saw them in actuality, they will no longer want the connection.

Pushing People Away Due to Need For Freedom and Autonomy

Some people may push others away because they may feel their freedom and boundaries are being overstepped; they feel it hinders their independence and individuality. Those who feel their self-actualization is only possible when they’re alone, they’re more likely to push people always in fear of losing their autonomy.

How To Stop Pushing People Away and Develop Secure Attachments

Some of the useful ways to help you stop pushing people away include the following:

Practice Positive Affirmations

  • I am worthy of accepting the good in my life.
  • I am enough.
  • It is safe to love and be loved.
  • I can take care of myself.
  • I am strong when I am happy and loved.

Practice Mindful Meditations

Accepting The Good In Your Life

Imagine all the blessings in your life that are waiting for you–whatever you deem good: loving connections with family, friends, and colleagues, delicious food, opportunities of surprise and joy, unexpected presents of time and money, connectedness with nature, aesthetic surroundings and unending creative supply of ideas for writing and art…

Sense and fully feel the reaction to this idea just waiting for you to exclaim, “Yes!” Note how hard it is to accept these blessings offered to you wholeheartedly. Challenge yourself to accept at least 5% of these blessings, one day at a time, progressing it eventually.

Over time, you’ll explore the increasing percentage –to accept it with an open mind and arms that you are deserving of the goodness of this life.

Healing the Inner Child

Try to sit with the idea of your younger self and telling them: 

“I am the adult you’ll become, and I’ll take care of you. I see you, and I feel you; you have gone through a lot at such a tender age. I empathize with your pain and understand your suffering. I will keep you safe and make sure nothing hurtful happens to you ever again.  I love you… You can count on me to be your guardian angel.”

Some people can actually heal themselves by picturing and talking empathetically with their inner child.

Accept Your Self

The ultimate goal is to accept yourself completely and wholeheartedly. Be honest but not judgmental, practice self-love and compassion, and find a direction to grow. When you fully accept yourself without avoiding any aspect of yourself, you’ll be more open to experiences with others.

Own Your Story Unapologetically

Carry and tell your story unapologetically. You need to realize and own the things that hurt you and how they impacted you. Counseling is a safe place in which you can practice your vulnerability and explore your inner self.

Journaling Your Experiences

Pay attention to how different people have made you feel. Explore your experiences in group activities like exercise, and hobbies, to discover how you mingle and gel with different personalities and find what works best for you and what triggers you.

Try Counseling

Counseling and therapy can help you learn to be aware of your fears, insecurities, and anxieties. Buttons are only pushed when you have those buttons. Try to know your growing edges and work with your therapist to find the resolution of those patterns. Authenticity and vulnerability is the key to a good working alliance in therapy. Make sure to find a therapist and setting you are more comfortable and secure in. This will help you explore your attachment styles and triggers; with this, you’ll find a way to transition into a secure attachment style.

Conclusion

The detailed article discussed the psychology behind why people are in the habit of pushing others away and the sense and feeling they gain out of this pattern. It also highlighted the underlying and deep-set causes of this behavior and some useful ways to switch this pattern to a secure one.

Pushing people aways is a common unhealthy psychological behavior found in some people. They may push others away because of the fear of getting too attached to people. This behavior is the defense mechanism of people who use it to protect themselves from abandonment and rejection. 

If you are someone who pushes people away or knows somebody who is in this habit, please let us know in the comments below how you handle this behavior.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Pushing People Away Psychology

Why do people push people away?

People push others away because of several reasons. They may feel the other people deserve better, and perhaps they waste their time and energy on you. These problems are related to low self-esteem and self-compassion. It can also be due to a difficult childhood when your inner voice was being shaped. A critical inner voice can make the connections even harder.

What is it called when you push someone away?

If you are someone who pushes people away, then you are said to have abandoned child syndrome. This can be caused due to physically or emotionally absent parents or abusive childhood experiences.

People with this condition avoid environments that have a high social stimulus.

Why do I push away the person I love?

Some people may push the one they love away from them because of insecurities and low self-esteem. You may think they are too good for you, and they deserve better. It is also a manifestation of fear of intimacy and letting your guards down for somebody. You may have this nagging thought they would abandon you once you let your walls down for them. Thus, the fearful attachment style exhibits such behavior.

What do you do when someone is pushing you away?

When someone is pushing you away, you may try out the following ways:

  1. Focus on yourself, but don’t take the behavior personally.
  2. Ask them to open up and give them a safe space so they can talk freely.
  3. Be confident in your own space.
  4. Be more compassionate and considerate towards their needs.
  5. Be there and stay there; it will soothe their insecurities and fears.

Can someone leave you if they love you?

Yes, some people can leave you even if they love you. The reason does not necessarily involve your worthiness in their sight, but it has much to do with their own psychological and emotional state. People may leave you even if they love you because of the fear of abandonment, intimacy, or lack of independence. 

References

https://www.businessinsider.com/fear-of-intimacy-2017-9

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-squeaky-wheel/201310/five-very-common-unhealthy-psychological-habits#:~:text=Pushing%20People%20Away%20When%20We,satisfying%20personal%20or%20social%20connections.

Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder (A guide)

A borderline personality disorder is an invisible excruciating mental health condition that can distort the view of yourself and the world around you. This article will provide a complete guide to Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). 

What is Quiet borderline personality disorder (BPD)?

There are four known types of borderline personality disorder (BPD):

  • Discouraged borderline personality disorder
  • Petulant borderline personality disorder
  • Impulsive borderline personality disorder
  • Self-destructive borderline personality disorder

Although, the term Quiet or Silent Borderline Personality Disorder can be misleading. However, silent or quiet BPD implies that the mood swings and behaviors are directed inwards, instead of directing externally or on others. In short, you ‘act in’ instead of ‘acting out’.

Acting inwards can often complicate an already concealed mental illness. In the case of quiet BPD, you may direct significant emotions inner self without letting the world see them. These intense emotions may include the following:

  • Anger
  • Rage
  • Anxiety
  • Obsessions or emotional attachments
  • Mood Swings
  • Fear of Abandonment
  • Shame and guilt
  • Extreme self-doubt

Quiet or silent BPD is also known as the High-Functioning Borderline Personality Disorder; it also makes for a misleading term. However, this term indicates that the person may not express the symptoms fully and can still perform everyday functions at school or work. 

What Are The Symptoms of Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder?

As Quiet BPD symptoms are usually directed inwards, it may get difficult to identify it initially. However, some of the noteworthy symptoms of BPD are listed below:

  • Feeling numb or empty.
  • Feeling like a burden to close ones.
  • Withdrawing when upset.
  • Suppressing or denial of the feeling of anger.
  • Mood swings that may last for hours to days, but no one can see them.
  • Avoiding communication or completely cutting the cord,  on account of the conflict.
  • Self-blame in case of conflict.
  • Persistent guilt and shame.
  • Extremely low self-esteem.
  • Taking things personally.
  • Feeling detached or dream-like sensations (derealization).
  • Deep-set fear of rejection.
  • People-pleasing, often at the cost of themselves.
  • Self-isolation and social anxiety.
  • Fear of abandonment and pushing people away.
  • Depersonalization and inability to connect with others.
  • Self-destructive patterns 
  • Suicidal thoughts and ideation.

These are some of the key symptoms of quiet BPD, but many people are unique in the manifestation of their symptoms.

Giving It A Name

Several people who suffer from these symptoms in silence are not even aware they have Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder. Often confused in other diagnoses or worst misdiagnoses, these people usually think they are lazy, dramatic, or attention-seeking. They may bring them a more isolated and alienated feeling.

It is, therefore, essential to get yourself examined by a trusted mental health professional. People who have quiet borderline personality disorder will feel liberated and relaxed when they get the proper diagnosis. This will help them be accustomed to the condition’s name rather than feeling lost and misunderstood. It is the first step to get help from others and get on the path of recovery.

People with quiet borderline personality disorder who are thinking of harming themselves or having suicidal thoughts and ideation need immediate help.

If you or your loved one is suffering from these symptoms, you need to reach out to the helpline.

What is Quiet BPD AND How is it Different from the Classic BPD?

The NIH or National Institute of Mental Health defined BPD by characteristic mood swings, low self-image, impulsive thoughts, highly ‘black and white’ thinking, self-harm, and inability to maintain stable relationships. They experience bouts of anger, anxiety, depression. Their episodes can last for a few hours to a few days.

Quiet BPD cannot be readily differentiated from Classic BPD–at least not in the official aspect (there is no mention or designation of Quiet BPD in the DSM). However, therapists and their clients can see a visible distinction between the quieter cases and traditional manifestations of BPD.

According to the President of the American Counseling Association, Dr. Gerard Lawson, “Those with quiet BPD acts in; they may have less hostility and fewer aggressive outbursts, but there may still be isolation, and self-injurious behaviors or suicide attempts.”

People with quiet borderline personality disorder experience extreme emotional roller coasters that differentiate the disorder and would rather work harder to shut off these emotions or push them sideways. Frequently, they are directed towards self-hatred and extreme shame.

What Are The Complications or Side-Effects of BPD?

Several people with Quiet BPD suffer in silence out of fear of burdening other people. Without any help, these symptoms may deepen over time.

Some of these can manifest in the following ways:

High Risk of Other Mental Illnesses

The Silent BPD may increase the risk of :

  • Depression
  • Eating disorder
  • General anxiety disorder (GAD)
  • Substance abuse
  • Social Anxiety

Difficult to Sustain Stable Relationships

People with Quiet BPD may find difficulty in managing and handling stable relationships, and some other symptoms may even aggravate in other areas associated with relationships.

People find it difficult to connect with others emotionally because they are in the habit of push and pull games, expressing the fear of rejection and abandonment.

Hard to Keep Up with Work Or School

Untreated Quiet BPD may aggravate the risk of acting impulsively and overspending on gambling, drinking, or other dangerous behaviors.

Self-Harm and Suicidal Ideation

Self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation may take hold of a person. It is essential to communicate and address the suicide thoughts and ideation to your therapist.

If someone is at immediate risk of self-injury or hurting others:

  1. Call the local emergency helpline.
  2. Stay with the person until the help comes.
  3. Remove knives, guns, scissors, medications, and other harmful things out of sight and reach of the person.
  4. Listen actively and attentively, don’t judge, preach, threaten or argue with the person.

What Causes Quiet BPD?

Often mental illnesses are genetically transmitted from parents to offspring, and BPD is not an exception.

A study found out that adults with BPD may have a family history of the diseases. The development of personality disorders in childhood have genetic roots.

Research has found out some additional causes of BPD may consist of childhood neglect, emotional and physical abuse. Some other contributors to BPD may include a personal history of unstable relationships.

Changes in serotonin are also linked with BPD. However, it is unclear whether alterations in the brain lead to BPD or vice-versa.

Who Is At Risk of Quiet BPD?

  • People with the following conditions at higher risk of getting affected by Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Eating Disorder
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Substance Abuse
  • Abandonment or Neglect

How is the Quiet BPD Diagnosed?

As mentioned earlier, due to the internalization and misconception of Quiet BPD, they are often misdiagnosed as social anxiety or depression. Although these conditions may co-occur, quiet BPD has a separate diagnosis which only licensed mental health practitioners can make.

Professionals like psychologists and psychiatrists can diagnose quiet BPD based on the presented issues and client history.

There is no medical test to diagnose Quiet BPD, but a medical exam may help rule out other conditions contributing to the underlying symptoms.

Having the knowledge of a client’s family history for BPD or other coexisting illnesses like depression, anxiety, bipolar, or eating disorders may help in the diagnosis.

An at-home online survey for BPD may also facilitate you in getting a diagnosis. Online screening can not replace the official discussion and diagnosis. So it is always recommended to check it with a mental health professional. Self-diagnosing a mental illness can be problematic.

What Is The Treatment For Quiet BPD?

Although it can be challenging to acknowledge the need to communicate your personal struggles with someone, talking will bring a feeling of liberation and validations once you do it.

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) or psychodynamic therapy, and psychiatric medications are some of the initial modes of treatment for Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder.

DBT techniques include mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotional regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness practices.

These agendas can help you reduce the self-destructive and sabotaging thoughts and actions with training and practice. DBT is administered by a licensed psychotherapist.

On the recommendation of an expert psychiatrist, prescribed mental health medications may also help in easing some of the symptoms of Quiet Borderline personality disorder.

However, medications alone won’t be able to stop the Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder symptoms. In order to address the underlying causes of borderline personality disorder, you need to seek a psychotherapist with whom you can connect and find the environment safe. 

Conclusion

This article served as a complete guide to Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Quiet BPD is also referred to as high-functioning Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).

Quiet BPD can take longer to be identified and diagnosed, but the sooner you get the alarming symptoms, the faster you can take preventive actions.

It is essential to realize that your feelings actually matter, and it is appreciable to share them with the ones you trust. While you may suffer quietly with the ongoing guilt and self-esteem, the bottom line is you deserve a happy and healthy life. So, it is suggested to seek a mental health professional to help you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Quiet Borderline Personality Disorder

What Causes Quiet BPD?

Experts believe that Quiet borderline personality disorder can be caused due to a combination of genetics, brain structure and function, and also social and environmental causes. Some therapists also suggest that the root cause of the disorder can be a history of childhood trauma.

What are the 4 types of Borderline personality disorder?

  1. Discouraged borderline personality disorder
  2. Petulant borderline personality disorder
  3. Impulsive borderline personality disorder
  4. Self-destructive borderline personality disorder

How do you help someone with a silent borderline personality disorder?

In order to help someone with silent BPD, you need to first take care of yourself and follow the following measures:

  1. Avoid isolation.
  2. You are encouraged to have a life besides taking care of the BPD person.
  3. Enroll the BPD family member or friend in a support group.
  4. Do not neglect your physical health.
  5. Learn stress management to deal with the situations with the affected family member.
  6. Listen empathetically and attentively.
  7. Learn to focus on the emotions and not just the words.

Is there hope for BPD?

Although many people with borderline personality disorder struggle for a long time, BPD is not a hopeless diagnosis, and people can recover from it. The other reason includes that the treatment works effectively. The most widely researched treatment for BPD is dialectical behavior therapy (DBT).

Can a person with BPD fall in love?

Yes, a person with BPD may fall in love, but the relationship and connection are too intense and short-lived. A person may believe that each new person will make them feel complete, only to be disappointed shortly.

References:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/conditions/borderline-personality-disorder

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/borderline-personality-disorder/index.shtml

https://www.healthline.com/health/suicide-and-suicidal-behavior

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11236813/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16776552/

INFJ Anime characters (13+)

This blog will describe 11 INFJ anime characters, but before going into the anime characters’ details, we’ll give a brief description of the INFJ personality type.

Iconic INFJ Anime Characters

Some of the iconic INFJ anime characters are given below:

  • Armin Marlert from Attack on Titan
  • Norman from The Promised Neverland
  • Kawora Nagisa from Neon Genesis Evangelion
  • Izuku Midoriya from My Hero Academia
  • Naomi Misora from Death Note
  • Sosuke Aizen from Bleach
  • Yuki Sohma Fruits Basket
  • Itachi Uchiha from Naruto Shippuden
  • Mayuri Shiina from Stein: Gate
  • Jinora from The Legend of Korra
  • Aerith Gainsborough from Final Fantasy VII

What are the Traits of INFJ Personality Type

An advocate (INFJ) is somebody with Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, and Judging personality traits. They approach life with deep thoughtfulness and vivid imagination. Their vision, values, and a silent, structured code of humanism guide them in everything.

INFJs are the rarest personality types. They still manage to leave their mark on the world and in the hearts of people. They have strong idealism and discipline; they are not idle dreamers; they take steps to achieve their goals and leave a lasting imprint.

They have unique personality traits, making them versatile and complex. They can speak to great lengths with passion and conviction when they are standing for their ideals. They are usually soft-spoken, preferring peace over challenging others.

Although they are reserved, they communicate warmly and sensitively. Their emotional honesty and insight can make a strong impression on the people around them. They maintain deep, authentic relationships with others and take great care of others’ feelings. They take time out for themselves to recharge, decompress, and process their own feelings and thoughts.

They may find themselves under stress when faced with criticism and conflict. They have the best intentions, but they may get frustrated when others don’t’ value them. To them, even constructive criticism may be hurtful.

Now let’s look into the description of INFJ anime characters:

Armin Arlert from Attack on Titan

Armin Arlert will do whatever it takes to make a positive mark for the future of humanity. Armin is extremely protective of his friends and highly empathetic, exhibiting the INFJ anime character’s true spirit. Though he is calculative and composed on the battlefield, he is also attuned with his sensitive and emotional side. He finds it hard to kill, even though it is the right thing to do at that time. He is often seen visibly shocked and emotional after a fight ending in bloodshed. He is adamant about keeping his humanity and never becoming blind to others’ suffering–even his foes. Armin also struggled with shyness and low self-esteem initially, but he transforms and evolves into a version of himself that unapologetically owns all his traits.

Norman from The Promised Neverland

Norman is an orphan boy, waiting to be adopted by his “forever family.”  One fine day, the reality of his existence is unveiled to him; he has to find his escape to freedom along with his siblings. 

Norman has the strategic, long-term thinking of the INFJ along with the ‘others first’ and empathetic approach. Irrespective of the difficulty of the situation, Norman always prioritizes the welfare of those around him over his own comfort. He outsmarts almost all the opponents due to his complicated, far-reaching strategies. His understanding and insights about people are advanced than his age; considering he is only eleven years old.

Kawora Nagisa from Neon Genesis Evangelion

Kawora is more like an angel than a human being. He is truly an INFJ, emotional and empathetic. He talks in universal terms instead of personal terms; he is focused on understanding humanity and their perspectives. He is warm and emotionally open, part of the reason Shinji was comfortable enough to open up. 

Kawora is also drawn to the concepts of human suffering and loneliness and seeks to understand others’ deeper feelings. His emphasis and curiosity to understand the psychology of others is an iconic INFJ trait.

Izuku Midoriya from My Hero Academia

Izuku Midoriya is a visionary and compassionate character. He has tailored his life around one goal: to become a hero that brings a ray of hope and peace to everyone. Like a typical INFJ, Deku loves spending most of his time strategizing his next move. However, on the battlefield, extra time is not always allotted. 

In the entire series, Mirdoriya gets a grip on his inferior Extraverted Sensation and learns to respond quickly in situations against his enemies. His kindness, strategic planning, and visionary thinking are classic examples of a functional INFJ in the form of a superhero.

Naomi Misora from Death Note

Naomi is a former FBI agent and is exceptionally famous for her high investigative skills. Although she makes it into the show for a small part only, Naomi’s character is critical.  She has powerful insights into people, particularly Light Yagami. Her ability to look beyond the superficial masks is comparable with the deductive skills of L. 

Naomi is extremely intelligent, but her feelings can sometimes cloud her investigations. She thinks things too deeply–often the people she loves, a common INFJ trait. Due to this, she was manipulated by Light Yagami to undermine her abilities.

Sosuke Aizen from Bleach

Sosuke Aizen is polite and intelligent and makes a great example of a  villainous INFJ character. He is apparently friendly and sociable, but he conceals his manipulative and means inner self under the social mask. Sousuke will do anything to achieve his missions, even if he has to play with others’ feelings or murder them. 

He sees this world as a chess game, and it is difficult to see his plans without picturing the end product and tracing back to see how his actions triggered the other until he achieved his goal. He has a broad vision of how the world ought to be and then plays people emotionally to act according to his scheme.

This is the trait exhibited by unhealthy INFJs, and ends justify the means scheme to life. While apparently, they look warm and friendly, on the inside, they can be manipulating and cunning. 

Yuki Sohma Fruits Basket

Several INFJs share the same struggles as Yuki Sohma did in the social environment of the school. He appears to be charming on the exterior but struggles with intense feelings of loneliness and insecurity. As a typical INFJ, he finds it hard to cope in the sensory environment around him. His room is messy, and he makes mistakes often as he is more indulged in the thoughts and ideas than the physical world around him.

Yuki wants to make friends but often find it hard to start conversations. 

Itachi Uchiha from Naruto Shippuden

IIn the initial episodes of Naruto, he shows slight usage of Extraverted Feeling; however, as the show goes on and his backstory is revealed, he shows the feeling function almost constantly in his younger years. . 

After a series of trauma, he decides to switch the feelings off and is seen in the Ni-Ti cycle. Nonetheless, the feeling functions show up every now and then when he prioritizes others over himself. He is a frequent deep thinker; he wonders the meaning of death, life, and other patterns and outcomes. He uses analogies and  symbolism to express himself.

Mayuri Shiina from Stein: Gate

Mayuri is a childlike and innocent character; she has perceptiveness that is easily overlooked if not seen closely. She may have a naive demeanor, but she has incredible insights into people. She also has a strong understanding of how people feel, making her empathetic.

She speaks in analogies and symbolism, highlighting her Introverted Intuition and is determined to maintain harmony and to prevent any conflicts, showing her Extraverted Feeling.

Jinora from The Legend of Korra

Jinora is quiet and reserved but highly insightful and exhibits firm conviction and courage. She has an inherently great affinity to the spiritual world and is the only human capable of interacting with spirits. Her understanding of the spiritual world and human nature is a true reflection of an INFJ at its full potential. She is a wonderful example of an INFJ mentor or counselor. She is calm, wise, and patient with people – she can guide people in the spirit world and feel their individual energies.

Aerith Gainsborough from Final Fantasy VII

Aerith is a ‘Ni” dominant character; she is highly intuitive and decisive with her intuition. She is always making predictions of what will happen next and what someone said or meant using her intuition. She can easily read people’s emotional condition with her feeling function, and she genuinely cares for society for its morals, respect, and values. She is not Fe-dominant though, she is not in her feelings all the time. 

Conclusion:

The blog described 11 INFJ anime characters and also discussed the characteristics of the INFJ personality type.

Do you agree or disagree with our list of INFJ Anime characters? Do you have any suggestions for the characters, feel free to let us know in the comments below.

FAQs on INFJ Anime Characters

What anime characters are INFJ?

Some famous INFJ anime characters are listed below:

  • Itachi Uchiha from Naruto Shippuden
  • Izuku Midoriya from My Hero Academia
  • Naomi Misora from Death Note
  • Armin Marlert from Attack on Titan
  • Norman from The Promised Neverland

What Haikyuu characters are INFJ?

Some of the Haikyuu characters with INFJ personality types are:

Ittetsu Takeda

Takeda gives pep talks in the form of metaphor and symbolism. He is eloquent in his debates, but he lacks athletic knowledge, unlike other characters on the show. He is a hard-working, kind-hearted, and smart member. 

Koshi Sugawara

Often known as the mother of the team, he has deep thoughts and concerns about his team, instinctively knowing what to say to each member and what they need to hear in any specific situation. 

He often directs their members to their potential, with empathy and unconditional encouragement to help them move forward.

Who is INFJ in Naruto?

Itachi Uchiha is an INFJ personality in Naruto Shippuden.

Why are INFJs so rare?

INFJs are rare due to the fact that perhaps they don’t want to be tested or they are not found in situations where the MBTI test is being offered.

Why are INFJs dangerous?

Unhealthy INFJs can be dangerous. When they are focused on one goal, they can have tunnel vision. It gets challenging to distance themselves from the patterns and ideas they begin to have in their heads.

Are INFJs smart?

Yes, INFJs are mostly considered a highly intelligent type; however, they understand their kind of intelligence is significant. INFJs are most connected and attuned to the situation and that is the unique intelligence they have.

References

https://www.cbr.com/haikyuu-characters-myers-briggs-types/

https://www.psychologyjunkie.com/2021/01/07/the-myers-briggs-types-of-the-haikyuu-characters/

https://www.16personalities.com/

ESTP Anime characters (13+)

This blog will describe 11 ESTP anime characters, but before going into the anime characters’ details, we’ll briefly give an overview of the ESTP personality type.

Iconic ESTP Anime Characters

Some of the iconic ESTP anime characters are given below:

  • Katsuki Bakugou from My Hero Academia
  • Baan from The Seven Deadly Sins
  • Greed from FullMetal Alchemist: Brotherhood
  • Masamune Makabe from Masamune-Kun’s Revenge
  • Yumeko Jabami from Kakegurui
  • Rintarou Okabe from Steins:Gate
  • Dimple from Mob Psycho 100
  • Faye Valentine from Cowboy Bebop
  • Isaac Netero from Hunter X Hunter
  • Joseph Joestar from Jojo’s Bizarre Adventures
  • Pan from Dragon Ball Z and Dragon Ball GT

Traits of ESTP Personality Type

An entrepreneur (ESTP) is somebody with Extroverted, Observant, Thinking, and Prospecting personality traits. They are energetic and action-oriented, keenly observing what is in front of them. They like unveiling life’s opportunities, whether they are in any social set up or more personal ventures.

They have a significant impact on their environment–it’s easy to spot the ESTP at any party; you can see them mingling with every group from time to time. They have a blunt and earthy sense of humor; they love laughing and entertaining people. ESTPs enjoy being the center of attention. Entrepreneurs volunteer if any audience member is asked to come on the stage.

People with ESTP personality traits are bursting with energy and life. They love to discover new ideas and activities. They love philosophy and knowledge. They like to gather practical and drilling ideas in the details that can then be put to use. ESTPs combine boldness and practicality, almost naturally. They like to experiment with new ideas and ways of solutions. They can put things together as no one else can think of.

The originality and uniqueness helped by their ability to notice the minute changes in things–and also when to change them. Little changes in the habits and outlooks stand out to ESTPs, and they use their observations to build new connections and bond with people. Their perceptive skills are not used to manipulate or play mind games on people. They are keen on communicating transparently, with factual and straightforward questions and answers. They take things at face value. 

The ESTPs put all of their qualities and skills to assert themselves as great leaders in the groups. Although they don’t actively seek to lead the people, they have a natural knack for making incredible use of their social skills and networking opportunities.

ESTPs prefer reality and facts over feelings and emotions. They find emotionally charged situations to be awkward and uncomfortable. They are helplessly blunt, and they can’t help tone down their honest opinion. They also have a hard time identifying and expressing their own feelings. Moreover, ESTPs move at their own pace; they can’t work by someone else’s clock. This makes them impatient, which leads them to the strange territories without thinking of the long-term consequences. They deliberately fight boredom with extra risks.

They are unstructured in a way that if they see an opportunity, they will ignore the rules and social limitations in the process. They may achieve the goal, but it can create the risk of social fallout.

As ESTPs are mostly living in the moment, they may miss the bigger picture, getting caught up in the details of a project’s section. This type cannot be boxed in with the structure, rules, or system. They are action-oriented people and prefer to do hands-on work. Formal systems and environments like schools and entry-level positions can be intolerable and unacceptable to the ESTPs. This setup requires extraordinary effort for the ESTPs to stay focused and not side-tracked or distracted with other things.

 Now that we have looked into the ESTP traits, without further ado, let’s go to the ESTP anime characters and their outstanding qualities.

Katsuki Bakugou from My Hero Academia

Not many anime characters are as outgoing and adventurous as Katsuki–popularly known as the Baron of Explodi-Kills. 

Young Katsuki aspires to be a hero and is never afraid to speak his mind or lead the battle from the front lines.

But wait, Katsuki is not only a meathead going high on his actions. Just like the ESTPs, Katsuki Bakugou is always reading the moves of the characters at a fast pace. He uses his skills, knowledge, and instincts simultaneously to act organically and artfully. 

Baan from The Seven Deadly Sins

The anime series, The Seven Deadly Sins is a power-packed show with strong and vibrant characters, and the ESTP anime character in it is the Undead Baan. He is a stylish and charismatic sin who flaunts both personal ambition and social charisma, excelling at both ends, his own interests and with the Sins.

Greed from FullMetal Alchemist: Brotherhood

ESTPs are exceptionally known for their tremendous entrepreneurial skills and a better ESTP anime character than Greed from the Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood. He exhibits the ultimate passion for material possessions. Every single Alchemist: Brotherhood’s Seven Deadly Sins characters portray a part of Father, where Greed shows his materialism and enterprising skills.

It is not surprising to guess why Greed continuously works as a group, and all his incarnations awe the viewers with the charismatic personality.

Masamune Makabe from Masamune-Kun’s Revenge

Masamune was not born with entrepreneurial skills. He builds his skills and grows into a popular, good looking guy that Masamune-Kun’s Revenge showed and loved. He had a tough childhood, with numerous struggles and insecurities. But eventually, he gathered himself and used his looks and polished social skills to his benefit. He is able to excel at any social situation and works his ambition and knowledge to execute his plan to take vengeance against Aki Adagaki. 

Yumeko Jabami from Kakegurui

Yumeko Jabami from the anime Kakegurui is an idealistic person with an undying supply of energy and passion but lacking a concrete plan. Yumeko glorifies the most devastating aspects of gambling, and her mind really is pushed to its potential.

She is always prepared for all circumstances. Yumeko is bold and confident. With her friends’ support, she is willing to make anything possible.

Rintarou Okabe from Steins:Gate

Rintarous Okabe may lack steady composure, but he is ambitious and charismatic in his unique way. Rintarou is crazy about the idea of being “a mad scientist” and uses that identification and delusional thoughts to lead him into his own time travel research laboratory. Although the idea is apparently absurd, Rintarou successfully achieves some support, primarily because of his magnetic personality and his inspiring ambition.

Dimple from Mob Psycho 100

Although he is merely as big as the dimples, Dimple can’t be underestimated for his influence and expansive knowledge.

Dimple has been a great figure in the spectral world and is aiming to reclaim his old self by shadowing young Shigeo Kageyama until he lets his guard down or some other living or ghost to use for his purpose. Although Dimple cannot get a desirable host, he is still quite strong and mighty, utilizing the stock of energy he has left and using his observant eyes and persuasiveness to make things and situations in his favor.

Faye Valentine from Cowboy Bebop

She is the quintessential femme fatal; she is Faye Valentine. Faye is charming and beautiful, always on-the-go, and indulged in the next big thing.

Faye’s time with the cowboy is positioned mainly on the idea of protection and sponging off of their hunting deals and not on the actual ‘likeness’ for them. She is an individual who values her spontaneity and independence above any other thing, as she ensures to do what is in the best interest of Faye Valentine.

Isaac Netero from Hunter X Hunter

Isaac Netero is an entrepreneur of the entrepreneurs. With a humble start as a martial artist who aimlessly wandered to a strange land and punched the air for a few years. After finding Nirvana as a consequence, he returned back to society to conquer it.

Isaac Netero, however, did not need a punch or a fist to finish his enemies. His experience, wit, and quick thinking were skills that helped him take down his challengers with ease. He is a manipulative, mean, and strangely jovial old man who all ESTP hopes to reach his level of success.

Joseph Joestar from Jojo’s Bizarre Adventures

Joseph Joestar has to be the cleverest ESTP anime character. Joseph Joestar is iconic due to his quick wit, fast mouth, and able to weave convoluted plans to get out of difficult situations.

He also has leadership qualities that are visible in guiding the people of Stardust Crusader in their venture to stop Dio. 

Pan from Dragon Ball Z and Dragon Ball GT

Pan is the ESTP character from the anime series Dragon Ball Z. She is a strong and mighty warrior. Pan is known for her smiling, amicable and hyperactive tendencies. She is a happy and optimistic girl and shares a wonderful bond with grandpa Goku. She always aspires to be like him.

Conclusion:

The blog described 11 ESTP anime characters. It also discussed the characteristics of the ESTP personality type.

Not many personality types are as charming as the ESTPs. They can improvise and focus completely on the here and now. They are exceptional in finding exciting new things to experience and explore. They are down-to-earth and humble people who know their own path. ESTPs make their own rules and follow them; they are not the big fans of systems and regulations that are not in alignment with their own agenda.

Do you agree or disagree with our list of ESTP Anime characters? Do you have any suggestions about additional ESTP anime characters, feel free to reach out to us, or let.us know in the comments below.

FAQs on ESTP Anime Characters

What anime characters are ESTP?

Some famous ESTP anime characters are mentioned below:

  • Faye Valentine from Cowboy Bebop
  • Yumeko Jabami from Kakegurui
  • Greed from Fullmetal Alchemist Brotherhood
  • Dimple from Mob Psycho 100
  • Baan from The Seven Deadly Sins

Who should an ESTP marry?

ESTPs should choose either ISTJ or ISFJ as their partners. ESTPs dominant operation is the extraverted sensing, which is best compatible with the type with dominant introverted sensing.

How rare is the ESTP T personality?

ESTPs constitute 4 % of the overall population, 6% of the men, and only 3% of women are the ESTPs.

Is ESTP romantic?

ESTPs can be a bit flighty in romantic relationships. Their dominant function wants novelty, so sometimes it gets hard for them to settle down for a long term companionship with one person. However, if the ESTP is happy and healthy, they will work on themselves and commit to the relationship.

References

https://www.truity.com/personality-type/ESTP

https://www.16personalities.com/

Sample resignation letter personal reasons(9 Samples)

In this brief article, we will curate a list of “   Sample resignation letter personal reasons     “.

Sample 1: Sample resignation letter personal reasons

“    

[Your name

Your address

Your city, state and zip code

Your phone number (optional)

Your email address (optional)]

[Date]

[Employer’s name and title

Name of company

Company address, city, state zip code]

Dear [employer or HR representative]:

I regret to inform you that I will be leaving [company name] in two weeks’ time. Due to unforeseen personal issues, I am unable to continue to carry out the responsibilities of my role and I feel it is in the company’s best interest that I vacate the position. My last day will be [date of final working day].

This was not an easy decision and I do hope that my departure will not cause you or [company] any hardship or inconvenience. Please feel free to reach out to me if I can assist with finding a replacement or do anything else to make the transition as smooth as possible for everyone.

Thank you for the opportunity to contribute to your team and for your understanding. I’ve enjoyed working for [company] and I cherish my time here. It is my hope that we will be able to stay in touch. I look forward to seeing how [company] grows in the future.

Sincerely,

Your signature (hard copy only)

Your typed name

         “

Sample 2: Sample resignation letter personal reasons

“   

Jennifer Chow

553 Macadamia Lane

Madeira, CA 16385

567-459-1627

jennifer.chow@skymail.com

August 15, 2019

Luis Rodriguez, Director of Sales

Atlantis Solutions, LLC.

90876 Business Loop Highway

Madeira, CA 16386

Dear Mr. Rodriguez:

I am writing to inform you that I am leaving Atlantis Solutions 28 days from the date of this letter. While I’ve thoroughly enjoyed working on your team, several pressing personal issues demand that I resign my position to focus on said issues. My final day will be September 12, 2019.

I am very grateful for all the opportunities I’ve been given along the way. Please allow me to do whatever is necessary to ensure a smooth transition after I move on. There are several team members who I believe would be strong candidates for my position or I would be happy to contribute to finding an external replacement.

Once again, I’d like to thank you for the opportunity to be a part of Atlantis Solutions. I hope that we can stay in touch and I wish all the best for you and Atlantis in the future.

Sincerely,

Jennifer Chow (signature, hard copy letter)

Jennifer Chow (typed name)

     “

Sample 3 : Sample resignation letter personal reasons  

“   

Janeisa Pietersen, RVT

101 Birchbark Lane

Parkland, New Jersey 95674

557-983-4758

JPietersenRVT@skynet.com

September 16, 2019

Sandra Cooper, DVM

Parkland Veterinary Hospital

9805 Main Street

Parkland, New Jersey 95674

Dear Dr. Cooper,

It is with great sadness that I must inform you of my formal resignation from my position as Veterinary Technician with Parkland Veterinary Hospital. This departure comes due to personal reasons that I don’t wish to share but are beyond my control and require my immediate attention. My final day of work will be two weeks from the date of this letter (September 30, 2019).

Please accept my gratitude for the experiences I’ve enjoyed while working with you. I will do everything I can to ensure that the transition is as smooth as possible for everyone in the office. Over the next two weeks, I’m dedicated to making sure that all of my duties are completed to date. I’m more than willing to assist in the training of my replacement if that is possible prior to my last day.

Please feel free to keep in touch with me. My personal mobile is 557-983-4758 and my email is JaneisaPRVT@spacemail.com.

I will remember my time at Parkland fondly. I wish you all the best in the future.

Sincerely,

Janeisa Pietersen, RVT (signature)

Janeisa Pietersen, RVT (typed)

        “

Sample 4:  Sample resignation letter personal reasons 

“  

Alonso Julio

473 Cotton Road

Sweetwater, Maine 56395

295-854-7254

JulioA@seekmail.net

December 2, 2019

Dr. Owen Taft, Director of Library and Information Science

Maine Institute of Information Science

78935 University Way

Sweetwater, Maine 56395

Dear Dr. Taft:

Please accept this letter as my formal resignation from my position with MIIS, effective December 6, 2019 and my sincere apologies for being unable to provide two weeks’ notice. I regret that, due to family issues beyond my control, I must resign immediately.

I will do what I can to get as much of my work done in the meantime to make the transition easier for the next person in the role. Thank you so much for the support that you have given me during my time with the Institute. I place incredible value on the years of guidance you’ve provided and I wish you well in the future.

Sincerely,

Alonso Julio (Signature, hard copy letter)

Alonso Julio (Typed)

                 “

Sample 5 : Sample resignation letter personal reasons    

“     

Jennifer Lau

123 Main Street

Anytown, CA 12345

555-555-5555

jennifer.lau@email.com

July 7, 2020

Roger Lee

Sales Director

Atlantic Co.

123 Business Rd.

Business City, NY 54321

Dear Mr. Lee:

I am writing to inform you that I will be leaving Atlantic Co. in one month. Although I have so enjoyed working with you and working for the company, personal reasons necessitate that I vacate my position and focus on improving my situation at home.

My final day will be August 7, 2020. Despite having to leave, I deeply appreciate the opportunities you’ve provided me with during my time as Online Sales Manager. I am very grateful for all of your assistance along the way.

I will do whatever necessary to ensure a smooth transition after I move on. I have several team members in mind who I believe would be strong candidates for a promotion to my position, or I would be happy to assist with the process of finding an external replacement. Please do not hesitate to be in touch about what I can do to help.

Once again, thank you so much for the opportunity to be a part of Atlantic Co. I do hope that we can stay in touch as business colleagues, and I look forward to working with you again in the future should the opportunity present itself. Many thanks for your understanding.

Sincerely,

Jennifer Lau (signature hard copy letter)

Jennifer Lau (typed name)

      “

Sample 6 : Sample resignation letter personal reasons   

“ Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name:

I am writing to inform you that I will be leaving Atlantic Co. in one month. Although I have so enjoyed working with you and working for the company, personal reasons necessitate that I vacate my position and focus on improving my situation at home.

My final day will be July 1st. Despite having to leave, I deeply appreciate the opportunities you’ve provided with me during my time as an Online Sales Manager. I am very grateful for all of your assistance along the way.

I will do whatever necessary to ensure a smooth transition after I move on. I have several team members in mind who I believe would be strong candidates for promotion to my position, or I would be happy to assist with the process of finding an external replacement.

  Please do not hesitate to be in touch about what I can do to help.

Once again, thank you so much for the opportunity to be a part of Atlantic Co. I do hope that we can stay in touch as business colleagues, and I look forward to working with you again in the future should the opportunity present itself. Many thanks for your understanding.

Sincerely,

Your Signature (hard copy letter)

   “

Sample 7 : Sample resignation letter personal reasons    

“ Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name:

I regret to inform you that I will be leaving Bolt Inc. in two weeks. Due to unforeseen personal problems, I am no longer able to fulfill the responsibilities of my role, and I feel it is in the best interests of the company that I vacate the position.

I do hope that my leaving will not cause you or Bolt Inc. any inconvenience. Please do not hesitate to be in touch if you think there is any way I can assist with finding a replacement, or if there is anything I can do to make the transition smoother.

Thank you so much for understanding. Despite the personal troubles I am dealing with, I enjoyed working with you, and I appreciate my time at the company. I hope we will be able to stay in touch and I look forward to seeing how Bolt Inc. grows in the future.

Best,

Your Signature (hard copy letter)

Your Typed Name

Sample 8 : Sample resignation letter personal reasons    

“ Hello Sir/Mam,

It was a great pleasure for me to work in Aurochs Software. Even after being mentally stressed, the thought of coming to office made me relax a bit as I have found the ideal working space where I was valued and challenged every day which helped me grow tremendously.

I would like to take a moment of yours to announce that I would like this email to serve as my official resignation. I would like to clear at this moment that this decision is taken not because of the company but due to disturbances in my personal life. I have been stressed due to somethings and have been not able to work properly as well. 

Even after seeing a decline in my progress, I was given time to recover but I believe this will be the right time for me to quit and first solve the issues that I have in my personal life.

I assure that I will co-operate in this transition period and will be available for any kind of training to be provided to the new recruit.

Regards

Your Name “

Sample 9 : Sample resignation letter personal reasons    

“ Respected Sir/Mam,

This is the formal intimation of my resignation.

I feel privileged that I got an opportunity to be part of a company that believes that the growth of an employee is as important as the growth of the company. In my tenure here I got to learn a lot about teamwork, professional relationships and also about how to work under pressure.

This decision of mine is not taken because of the inconvenience caused in my work life but due to certain personal situations. I need to settle down disputes that have been challenging my mental peace. For this, I am not sure how much time will be required and hence decided to step down from position so as to not bring any big losses to the company.

I guarantee you that I will co-operate for any legalities to be completed before I leave. Also, I would like to add that I feel there are many people who have the potential to take over the position which is going to be vacant after I leave or I can help in conducting interviews for filling up this position as soon as possible.

Regards

Full Name

Department “

 Sample 10 : Sample resignation letter personal reasons    

“ Respected Sir/Mam,

It has been a pleasure for me to work in an organization that is growing rapidly and has been topping the charts for the best place to work by LinkedIn for the last 3 years.

I would like to bring to your notice that I will be resigning from my post of Content Writer with immediate effect. This decision is taken by keeping in mind the personal problems that I have and they need immediate attention. 

In my tenure of 4 years. I feel I have got very challenging opportunities which helped me hone my skills and also made me a better professional. I learned not only client dealing but also understood how diplomatic relations work and I will be thankful for this forever.

I would request you to start my exit process as soon as possible as I plan to serve the notice period for 2 weeks and then sign off.

Regards

Full Name

E-Signature

In this article, we curated a list of “ Sample resignation letter personal reasons “.