Reasons for half day leave (9 best reasons)

In this blog post, we are going to discuss reasons for half-day leave, factors that may help or hurt your chances of getting a half-day leave, and some good and bad reasons to take a half-day leave.

What are some reasons to take a half-day leave?

Below are some common reasons that you can use to take a half-day leave:

  • Personal reasons
  • Religious events
  • Doctor’s appointment 
  • Family emergencies 
  • Work commitments
  • Parental duties
  • Death in the family or loss of a loved one
  • House emergency 
  • Personal illness or injury 

Factors that affect your chances of leaving early

Getting out of work early is normal when you have valid reasons. But certain circumstances can make it easier or harder for you to get your manager’s approval. Here’s why:

  • The culture at the workplace – Your company culture is a very important factor. You may want to prove your commitment to work by being on time every day and meeting all the deadlines. At the same time, you must also maintain your mental well-being and work-life balance. This factor depends on your work environment.
  • Company Policy – You should acquaint yourself with your company’s leave policies and confirm with your hiring manager before applying for a leave. Based on this you can decide if you want a half-day leave or not.
  • Your relationship with your boss – It is easier to persuade your boss if you get along well with them. You can build a healthy relationship by fostering trust and proving to be reliable and honest. If you don’t get along with your boss it might be difficult to convince them to grant you half-day leave.
  • Your working pattern – If you are one of those employees who take frequent leaves, are always late, and leave early without a valid reason then you will likely have more difficulty while getting a leave.

If you fail to meet the requirements, then your chances of getting a half-day leave are going to be tough. Employees who work hard and have a good reputation at work are favoured by their supervisors.

Best excuses for half-day leave

Personal reasons

Sometimes, you may have to leave early from work and might not be comfortable sharing the reason behind it. You can write a formal letter to your boss stating that you want to take a half-day leave for personal reasons. You should mention that you will cover up your pending work.

You must request politely, and chances are that your boss might understand and agree.

Religious events

You might have an upcoming festival, for which you want to attend all your religious events. You can discuss this with your hiring manager and tell them that you want to make arrangements and prepare for your religious events, for which you’d like to leave early from work. 

Make sure that you complete all your tasks before taking a half-day leave.

Doctor’s appointment

You have a scheduled appointment with a doctor, which might require you to leave early from work. Generally, employers do agree if you have a medical visit. You can discuss your medical condition with your employer and make arrangements if you need to frequently visit the doctor.

Family emergencies

A family member may have gotten into an accident or someone in the family may be severely ill and you need to go visit them. Taking care of your spouse or children can also be considered a family emergency. Depending on the severity of the situation and your employer’s policy, you might be able to take a half-day leave.

Work commitments

Sometimes, you may have to travel for work-related projects or attend a workshop. Your employer may consider granting you a half-day leave to prepare for your presentation, or that you get enough rest before the big day. 

Parental Duties

You may have to pick up your child from school someday or attend a parent-teacher meeting. And which is why you’d like to take a half-day leave, this is a valid reason to tell your boss. There are hardly any chances of your boss denying you a half-day leave for this purpose.

Death in the family or loss of a loved one

Bereavement leaves are granted when there is a death in the family or you have lost a loved one and you need to perform final rites or attend their funeral and most importantly grieve. You will have to send your employer a formal letter for the same.

House emergency

It is possible that there could be a short circuit in the house, your spouse or your kid started a small fire by mistake while cooking, or during monsoon, your area or house might get flooded, and in many more such cases, you may have to rush back home. You can inform your supervisor/employer about the emergency and finish formalities accordingly.

Personal illness or injury

If you have an injury or an illness that allows you to work only limited hours per day then you may require a half-day leave so that you go back and rest well. Although, you must check your company’s leave policies and discuss with your hiring manager to work out an arrangement for the same.

How can I request a half-day leave?

Start by giving a genuine reason to leave work early. Excuses can be both good or bad, and you need to be careful about what reasons you’re giving. If you give a good enough reason to take a half-day leave, not only does it increase your chances to get the desired response but it also looks good on the professional side.

Giving a bad excuse can affect your work reputation.

Speak to your manager or supervisor directly, and figure out a way that works best for both. If you discuss it with your employer, they will be able to make arrangements to cover for you while you’re gone or you can finish all your pending work and then leave or give an option of working remotely. 

Make sure that your tone is very professional and courteous when you make a request. Chances are that your boss will agree to it if you’re polite enough and consider things from their point of view as well.

Write a formal application for half-day leave. This makes it easier for your HR to keep a record of all your leaves. The easier you make it for them, the easier they make things for you.

Don’t take undue advantage, if you take frequent leaves, your boss is not going to like it. This may seriously affect your career at the company.

Some good and bad reasons for half-day leave

Below are some good reasons to request a half-day leave:

  • Religious reasons
  • Community project related work
  • Client-related obligations
  • Professional development activities
  • Family reasons
  • Personal reasons
  • Sudden emergencies

Below are some bad reasons to request a half-day leave:

  • Feeling bored or lazy
  • Hangover
  • You want to hang out with friends
  • Getting into an argument with a colleague
  • Receiving bad news at work
  • Feeling overwhelmed
  • Going to watch a game
  • Minor personal issues
  • Non-urgent errands

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we discussed reasons for half-day leave, factors that may help or hurt your chances of getting a half-day leave, some good and bad reasons to take a half-day leave, and how to request leave.

I tried to sum up most in this article, and I hope these points help you draft your half-day leave application. 

What are some other good reasons or bad reasons for taking half-day leave?

Let me know in the comment section!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Reasons for half-day leave

How do I ask my boss for a half-day off?

You can make a polite request, provide a formal letter, and give a genuine reason. For more tips check out this blog.

How do you ask for a day off at the last minute?

Tell them as soon as you know you have to leave and allow room for discussion later. Make sure to have a courteous tone, and give them as much as information possible. Assure them that you will cover up all the pending work.

What is a good reason for not showing up at work?

Some good reasons to not show up at work can include last-minute emergencies, medical reasons, mental health reasons, etc. Refer to this blog post to know more about some good reasons as well as bad reasons for not showing up at work.

What’s a good family emergency excuse?

Parental duties and health emergencies in the family can be used as an excuse for a family emergency. In most cases, employers understand these circumstances and will grant you leave.

Can my employer ask what my family emergency is?

Yes, your employer can ask you what your family emergency is. They will want you to mention it in your absence letter, and if you are not comfortable with sharing it in writing you may still have to explain it to them in person.

References

Good and bad excuses to leave work early. (n.d.). Balance Careers. https://www.thebalancecareers.com/good-and-bad-excuses-to-leave-work-early-4152103

Valid reasons for requesting half day leave. (n.d.). Indeed Career Guide. https://in.indeed.com/career-advice/career-development/half-day-leave

List of reasons for casual leave (5 best reasons)

In this blog post, we discuss some reasons for casual leave. We also learn what casual leave is. I will be sharing 5 reasons for taking casual leave, which is the best in my opinion. Towards the end, we learn how to write a leave application.

What are some reasons to take casual leave?

Below are some common reasons to take casual leave:

  • You need to destress
  • You have family commitments
  • You need a mental health day
  • You want to enjoy the weather
  • You need a vacation
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Family emergency
  • Medical emergency
  • Bereavement leave
  • Religious reason
  • Parental duties
  • Doctor’s appointment
  • Menstrual cramps

An employee may need to take leave for a short period for personal reasons. They must give a professional application.

What is casual leave?

Casual leave is granted to an employee when there is an unseen emergency, or the employee needs to take leave for a day or two for personal reasons. Generally, employees put in an application when they require a day off for more than a day. In most companies, no more than 3 days are granted for casual leave.

The number of leaves granted may vary depending on the terms and policies at each organisation.

The company’s policy also tells if you can ask for leave directly (in case of emergencies) or if you have to write an application and wait for your request to be approved.

Based on the reasons mentioned above, you may be entitled to take some days off and depending on the circumstances you might get some employee benefits if applicable. This is why it is necessary to always check with your company’s leave policies.

Generally, the employer pays for casual leave. Depending on the terms and conditions of course. For instance, if you request for a paid casual leave and the company’s policy states that a casual leave is paid for only if it’s for 3 days, in such a case extending your leave might affect your salary and you may not get paid for the leave.

Sometimes, it is possible that your employer may not be willing to grant you a casual leave, in such cases, you can always explore your options and try to figure a way out.

5 best reasons to ask for casual leave

  • You need to de-stress

Job stress can be a lot sometimes and you may want to relieve the stress by taking a day or two off. It is important to deal with occupational stress before it adversely affects your health and career.

Heavy work-load, bitter relationships with your co-workers, and lack of sleep are all the reasons that can cause work-related stress. Therefore, you need to de-stress for success. There are multiple ways to de-stress at work and taking a day off is one of them.

  • Sick leave or medical leave

You may be suffering from a cold or high fever. Or you slipped in the bathroom and hurt yourself, in such cases you are entitled to ask for sick leave. Although, you may require to provide some proof or evidence. For eg: a medical receipt or a prescription signed by a doctor.

Based on the severity of your illness/injury and depending on the company’s leave policy, your employer will grant you sick leave. Now especially with the whole Covid-19 situation, it is more than likely that your boss will allow you to take a couple of days off.

  • You have a family emergency 

Family emergencies include various reasons that sometimes you may or may not want to disclose. Your family emergency could be a very personal reason. Even though you don’t want to disclose it, you must write an application to your boss.

Family emergencies may include one of your family members falling sick, getting into an accident, getting hospitalised, or a family dispute.

  • Religious reason

This is a pretty good reason to take leave. Religious holidays may or may not be granted as paid leaves, based on the company’s policy. Such holidays last not more than 3 to 4 days max. You can tell your boss that you’re hosting a religious function at your place, or you’re going to attend a religious function, or you are visiting a religious pilgrimage.

Different religions may follow different cultures and may have different types of functions/practices. And accordingly, people ask for leave. You can write a formal application in advance to your HR or employer, stating your reason. 

  • Bereavement leave

This type of leave is granted when there is a death in the family or the loss of a loved one. You use a bereavement leave when you have to participate in the last rites or funeral services. You also take leave when you have to care for personal matters concerning the person you lost, and primarily when you have to grieve.

Companies may offer leave from 2 to 20 days, depending on their terms and conditions. You can always check with your HR and find out. You may require an application requesting bereavement leave.

As listed at the start of this blog, there are numerous reasons for taking casual leave but in my opinion, I find these 5 options the best reasons.

How to request a leave of absence?

As mentioned above, there are different reasons why you may need to take extended time off work. Applying for leave with a formal written application is the most basic courtesy one should follow at a professional set-up.

There are certain points you should keep in mind while drafting your letter. 

  • Acquaint yourself with the company’s leave of absence policies.

Some employers may have a specific requirement or a certain outline as per which you need to send an application. You must always familiarise yourself with the terms and policies before typing an application.

  • Be specific about the duration of your leave

Whenever possible, determine your duration of leave and mention it in your application so that the employer is clear and can make adjustments accordingly. This way the employer can make arrangements to cover your work while you’re gone.

  • Have a meeting with your supervisor 

When you meet the supervisor, hiring manager or employer and discuss your leave application. They can figure out ways to distribute your workload and adjust in a way that benefits both the employer and the employee.

  • Submit your application in writing

Most preferably, send your leave application via email, this way it’s on record and no one can lose the application. It is easier for your supervisor to find or share your application whenever needed. Also, emails are professional and comply with work ethics. Make your letter look polite, crisp, and to the point. If you are not comfortable with mentioning certain specific details, you can always write “personal reasons” or “medical reasons”.

  • Think of alternatives

Before applying for a leave, if you have already thought of alternatives on how you can cover up all your pending work then chances are that you will receive the desired response from your employer. You will also be a little relaxed and won’t be constantly thinking of finishing your pending work.

Keeping these points in mind will help you. For more details, you can find multiple samples of LOA on the internet. If you’re new to writing professional letters/applications, always consider referring to a sample.

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we listed various reasons for taking casual leave. Later we discussed the 5 best reasons, and how to ask for casual leave.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): What are some reasons to take casual leave?

How do I take leave for personal reasons? 

You can refer to a section of this blog where I have suggested some points to keep in mind while drafting your leave of absence letter. Companies do grant leaves for personal reasons, but it is always considered in consonance with their terms and policies.

Can you get fired for taking a leave of absence? 

There are chances of you getting fired for taking a leave of absence if you take leave without informing prior, or without sending an application. If your request for leave and it’s denied and you still end up taking leave anyway then there is a possibility that your employer might fire you.

Another reason to get fired is if you lie about your reason and get caught. 

How many absences are considered excessive? 

Excessive absenteeism is when you take more than 2-3 casual leaves every month. Your reason may or may not be valid, but frequently asking for leave is considered excessive. Not only will this affect your career at that particular company but it also ruins your work ethic profile.

Can an employer deny personal leave? 

Yes, the employer can deny a personal leave if you have taken way too many leaves in the past, exhausted all your entitled leaves, or if you have lots of pending work as it is. There could be various other reasons why an employer could deny a personal leave, it all depends on your track record and the company’s policies.

Is calling in sick an excuse?

Calling in sick is a valid excuse. When you are not feeling sick you must let your employer know and preferably send a letter stating that you won’t be able to make it for a couple of days because you’re sick.

Sometimes, employees fake being sick just to get a day off at work. If you’re planning on faking it, make sure you’re aware of the company’s terms and conditions and also you have the required and necessary proofs.

References

Cohen, S. (1997). De-stress for success. Training & Development, 51(11), 76-81.

Leave of absence letter request (With examples). (n.d.). Indeed Career Guide. https://www.indeed.com/career-advice/career-development/leave-of-absence-letter-request-with-examples

Tiwari, D. (2020, April 23). List of reasons for taking casual leave (13 reasons). OptimistMinds. https://optimistminds.com/list-of-reasons-for-taking-casual-leave/

What is a Lopsided Smile?

In this blog post, we are going to discuss what a lopsided smile means, what causes a lopsided smile. We also learn how to use a lopsided smile and how people perceive them. 

Towards the end, we have discussed certain ways to fix a lopsided smile, followed by the benefits of smiling. 

What is a lopsided smile?

 A lopsided smile is an uneven smile. It appears uneven in a way where the left side and the right side of the mouth do not match. One side of the face is pulled up in a way where it’s smiling and the other side is the opposite which means it may be downturned.

What causes a lopsided smile?

Below are some health conditions that can cause an asymmetrical face:

Genetics

Sometimes genes and development can cause a lopsided smile. If it runs in your family, chances are that you might have it too.

Lifestyle habits

Sometimes having a poor posture, or sleeping with your face pressed against the pillow, and some other similar habits can all contribute to having an asymmetrical face.

Injury 

Injury to your face in childhood, having facial surgery due to an injury, or experiencing trauma can sometimes cause a lopsided smile.

Bell’s Palsy

Bell’s Palsy is caused due to paralysis of facial nerves. It weakens the muscles on one side of your face and can cause a lopsided smile.  

Sun Damage

With growing age, exposure to the sun and it’s UV rays may lead to developing spots, patches, and moles on your skin. This can be caused to one side or area of your face, where there is the maximum amount of sun damage.

Smoking

Smoking regularly exposes you to toxins, hence increasing the chances of having an asymmetrical face. 

Dental Work

The use of dentures or having dental veneers may sometimes change the symmetry of your face. Getting a tooth extracted, causes changes in the facial muscles which may be another cause for asymmetry.

Ageing

The facial asymmetry increases with your growing age. Naturally, your ears and nose grow as you change, causing asymmetry.

 Stroke

There are different signs of a stroke, when you identify signs such as dropping of the face or your smile is suddenly uneven you must immediately consult a doctor. 

Experiencing numbness and difficulty in speaking are also some common signs of a stroke.

Torticollis

Also known as a twisted neck, is a condition where the person has abnormal positioning of neck muscles. This condition can sometimes take place in the womb itself.

Most cases are temporary and the symptoms can be resolved, it is hardly ever permanent.

Various other health conditions can cause a lopsided smile or contribute to facial asymmetry. Apart from health conditions, sometimes there are other reasons why people may intentionally use a lopsided smile.

What are some uses of a lopsided smile?

A lopsided smile is used when there is a presence of incongruent emotions. People smile unevenly when:

  • They can’t fully commit to contentment
  • Don’t particularly feel happy but smile just to acknowledge the opposite person
  • Smirking or trying to flirt
  • Joking around or making a sarcastic comment
  • To portray humour and uncertainty

When people don’t want to be perceived seriously in certain situations, they often use a lopsided smile.

How do people perceive a lopsided smile?

When you flash a lopsided smile, it is usually perceived as a frame of mind that is uncertain.

For instance, if you ask someone if they’re feeling okay and they say they’re doing good but smile in a lopsided way; you’re going to think that maybe they are lying or are trying to be sarcastic.

The uneven smile is often used to depict cheeky humour amongst friends and is perceived as a presence of conflicting emotions. An apologetic smile can also look similar to a lopsided smile. You can couple a lopsided smile with a shoulder shrug or with upturned palms.

A lopsided smile shows sometimes that you’re hiding something or are apprehensive about something. It doesn’t have to always convey joy. You can tell that the person is trying to hide how uncomfortable they are or that they’re not too happy talking about a particular topic.

How to fix a lopsided smile?

A smile can bring you lots of confidence. Although, you should only try to change your smile if it’s affecting your confidence level.

If you feel you have a crooked, uneven, or lopsided smile, here are some ways to fix it:

  • Chew on both sides of your mouth
  • Sleep on both sides evenly
  • Practice facial exercises
  • Play around with your smile, choose whatever suits you the best
  • Use concealer to contour your lips
  • Use a lip filler to plump your lips 
  • Get dental fixes 

Again, you don’t have to change anything about your smile if you are completely confident and comfortable about it.

It’s all about the way you feel.

If you have a developed a lopsided smile due to medical reasons, then it best to consult a health expert or a doctor. 

They can provide you with the options that are available, depending on your condition.

Benefits of smiling 

Smiling can boost your mood as well as your confidence. It leads to a perception of positivity. It also has multiple health benefits.

Such as: 

  • Reduced blood pressure
  • Reduced stress
  • Strengthening of the immune system
  • It elevates your mood

Smiling is contagious, when you smile, others smile looking at you. It helps you stay positive, when you find yourself in a tough situation and you smile, it automatically uplifts your mood a little and can help you deal with your problems. 

Irrespective of how forced a smile is, it automatically sends a signal that you got this and things can turn out to be better with a positive outlook. 

When you go for your interview and if you’re smiling, there is a high chance that you will look more confident. You will notice a better response.

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we discussed what a lopsided smile means, what causes a lopsided smile. We also learned how to use a lopsided smile and how people perceive them. Towards the end, we have discussed certain ways to fix a lopsided smile, followed by the benefits of smiling. 

Always remember, you can rock an uneven face with the right amount of confidence. As long as you are comfortable, no one can make you feel inferior about your smile. Mess around with your smile and use a smile that makes you feel the most comfortable and at ease.

Let me know your opinions!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ): Lopsided Smile

What causes a lopsided smile?

Various health conditions such as Bell’s Palsy, Misaligned teeth, Hemifacial microsomia, Overbite, Torticollis, Sun Damage, etc. can cause a lopsided smile. In most cases, it can be cured or fixed through fillers and facial implants and various other techniques.

Sometimes, complexity in genetics can also cause facial asymmetry. Cleft lip and palate and vascular complications are health conditions that studies point to as a cause for a lopsided smile.

Are lopsided smiles attractive?

Sometimes, a crooked smile can appear to be attractive. It adds to your charm if you use it at the right place at the right time. It can make you look easygoing and relaxed. Although, in some cases, lopsided smiles can look pretty weird. And that’s when people try to fix it through different techniques. 

Does sleeping on your side cause an asymmetrical face?

Some people may have the idea that constantly sleeping on your side, or sleeping on your belly, or sitting with crossed legs for too long can cause an asymmetrical face. Some even believe that having a bad posture or resting your face on your hand can contribute to an uneven face.

Why does my face look lopsided when I look in the mirror?

Generally, mirrors flip forwards and backwards and not horizontally. When you look in the mirror the right side of your face stays at the right side of the mirror and the same with the left side.  The reason why your face looks different is that your perspective has left/right flipped around. 

Can you fix an asymmetrical face naturally?

Yes, in some cases, facial asymmetry can be fixed naturally. Various techniques such as facial exercise and face yoga can help you fix an asymmetrical face. It also helps you look younger, and improves the contouring of your face.

References

Body language of the uneven smile or lopsided smile. (2015, June 6). Nonverbal Body Language Dictionary. https://bodylanguageproject.com/nonverbal-dictionary/body-language-of-the-uneven-smile-or-lopsided-smile/

How to fix an uneven smile and look your best. (2020, December 31). wikiHow: How-to instructions you can trust. Retrieved March 19, 2021, from https://www.wikihow.com/Fix-an-Uneven-Smile?amp=1

Jaffe, E. (2011). The psychological study of smiling. APS Observer, 23(10).

Mary Grace B Quitalig. (2021, March 4). Lopsided smile (A complete guide). OptimistMinds. https://optimistminds.com/lopsided-smile/

Neuhoff, C. C., & Schaefer, C. (2002). Effects of laughing, smiling and howling on mood. Psychological Reports, 91(3_suppl), 1079-1080.

Watson, K. (n.d.). Asymmetrical face: Causes, treatments, and more. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/asymmetrical-face#causes

Erikson’s 8 stages ( A complete insight)

Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development(A Complete Guide)

This article will explore the 8 stages of Erickson’s psychosocial theory that focuses on how social events affect our personality! It will highlight the conflict in each stage and describe what the possible outcomes could be.

What Are Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development

The 8 stages of Erickson’s Psychosocial development have been listed below:

  • Stage: Trust vs Mistrust
  • Stage 2: Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
  • Stage 3: Initiative vs Guilt
  • Stage 4: Industry vs Inferiority
  • Stage 5: Identity vs  Confusion
  • Stage 6: Intimacy vs Isolation
  • Stage 7: Generation vs Stagnation
  • Stage 8: Integrity vs Despair

Before we look at each stage in detail, let us explore Erickson’s theory of personality development.

What Is Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development?

Erickson was a famous professor at Harvard and Yale even though he did not even own a bachelor’s degree; he is known for coining the term ‘Identity Crisis’ and came up with his theory of psychosocial development which differs from Freud’s theory of psychosexual development!

He was an American German psychologist who with his wife Joan came up with their famous theory we will be studying in this article. He was inspired by Sigmund Freud and his theory on how individuals develop.

The theory of psychosocial development believes that every healthy individual must pass through conflicts they experience at every stage of their life, from infancy to old age, in order to develop a health personality. The conflict arises due to the discrepancy between the needs of the individual and those of society. If the individual is able to cope with this conflict they will not only develop a healthy personality but also gain an important virtue. Those who do not pass these stages fall short of their personal development. He focuses on how social experiences and not the sexualones affect our personality development.

We will now look at each stage in detail!

The 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development.

Trust vs Mistrust – Stage 1

This stage is from the birth of the child up to 1 years of age where they are not sure if they can trust those who are around them. The mother’s role is vital during this stage where she must make sure that the infant feels safe and secure and well taken care of. 

If the infant can trust others during this stage of life then this means they can also trust others later on in life and they will not be very distant or suspicious of people and will be able to develop good relations. It is important that mother’s give much time and attention to their child; they can do this by feeding them timely, ensuring frequent physical contact and making sure they do not leave them crying alone.

However, if the mother is unavailable, not loving enough or inconsistent, this will result in the baby developing mistrust. Hence it is important enough attention is given to the infant that too continuously.

Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt – Stage 2

This stage usually lasts between the 1st and 3rd years of life where the child can either gain a sense of identity in terms of self control and being able to choose for themselves or shamed for their accidents.

It is during this stage that the child explores their surroundings and examines their own body and discovers what skills and resources they have in terms of moving around and picking up and tasting things. An important part of this stage is to allow the child to develop autonomy and this can be done if the child is given enough freedom to experiment and not be shamed for what mistakes they make.

Potty training allows children of this age to develop some sense of control over themselves. If they are encouraged to control their body functions then they will feel confident and have some control in their life.

Success at this stage leads to a sense of autonomy whereas failure leads to doubt and shame and an inability to develop oneself openly.

Initiative vs Guilt – Stage 3

This stage occurs during the preschool years when the child is around 3-5 years of age. This stage entails experiencing one’s environment and seeing how much control they have over it. If they are encouraged to explore their environment successfully, the child will develop a sense of taking an initiative whereas if they are scolded for being too open or explorative in their surroundings they will be made to feel guilty.

It is important that both parents encourage their child to explore the surroundings. They should keep an eye on the child but make sure they push him or her to go a bit far without them as well so they do not feel too attached.

Industry vs Inferiority – Stage 4

At this stage, the influence of peers and teachers is very powerful. The fourth stage lasts from the 5th to 11th year of the individual’s life and they must be encouraged in their areas of work otherwise they will feel incompetent or useless.

If they get the right encouragement they will feel skilled and competent in their area and work harder to achieve better results. Hence parents must make sure they provide a healthy and constructive environment to their children and not one that is critical.

Examples of children who experience too much conflict at this stage include being scolded by their teachers for trying out new things and not doing exactly what they were asked to; it is important for the teacher to realize that children are to be given an environment in which they can grown their already present skills in a healthy manner. They will act differently and that is okay!

Passing this stage successfully means the child will be confident in the skills they have and apply them through hard work otherwise if they fail at this stage they will feel inferior.

Identity vs Confusion – Stage 5

It is important that at this stage parents do not enforce their beliefs on the child. They must let them explore their surroundings and find an appropriate identity that they want to match or follow. This occurs during the teen years from 12 to 18 years of age and may be quite turbulent!

If children are encouraged to explore they will feel independent, understand society’s needs and be able to establish a sense of control as well as that of identity in them.

Intimacy vs Isolation – Stage 6

This is a very important stage of life that occurs between the years of 20 to 40 and individuals are greatly affected by their friends and loved ones at this stage. If they are able to form intimate, long term relations then they will feel safe and secure however, if not then they will feel lonely and isolated.

It is important that elders and the society encourage young adults to seek out relationships that are beneficial for them in the long term and carry traits of loyalty, commitment, honesty and true friendship. At this stage, people will leave those relations that they were involved in only for the sake of fitting in. The relations they will form now will be the ones they want to continue for their own well being and that of the other.

Generativity vs Stagnation – Stage 7

It is important that elders leave behind a lesson for others or impact the world by contributing in a beneficial way. People who have not resolved prior conflicts and feel pessimistic and lonely may not be able to pass this stage and will live a stagnant life. However, those who feel as if they have something to contribute to society will get out of their homes and try to teach others or help them.

Also, people have children whom they raise in a good manner so that they can continue life in a peaceful and productive manner. It differs how one gives back – what matters is giving back!

Integrity vs Despair – Stage 8

This is the final stage of Erickson’s Psychosocial Development where the individual can either be happy with what they did in life or regret their decisions. It occurs in old age and can result in being confident and having a sense of integrity or despairing about what one has done.

Conclusion

This article described the stages of Erickson’s theory of psychosocial development by listing each stage and describing it in detail. It not only introduced the theory that outlines these stages but highlighted the outcome of each stage and how it should be tackled.

Frequently Asked Questions: Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development

How many stages are there in Erickson’s theory of psychosocial development?

There are 8 stages in Erickson’s theory of psychosocial development that last from infancy to old age.

How can an infant develop trust?

An infant can develop trust if they have a loving and attention giving caretaker who does not neglect them.

Who is Erickson?

Erickson is an American German psychologist who focused on how social events affect our development.

References

https://www.verywellmind.com/erik-eriksons-stages-of-psychosocial-development-2795740

List of reasons for taking annual leave (7 best reasons)

In this blog post, we are going to discuss what is annual leave, some of the best reasons to take leave. We also learn about why taking annual leave is important, followed by some tips to bring a culture change to the workplace.

The 7 best reasons for taking an annual leave

Below are some of the best reasons for taking an annual leave:

  • Work-life balance is important
  • You need to spend some quality time with your loved ones
  • You have to take care of your physical or mental health.
  • It improves your productivity
  • You get to have new experiences
  • Gives you time to practice self-care
  • You need maternity or paternity leave.

What is annual leave?

Annual leave is paid period off work, granted by employers to staff to be used for whatever the employee desires. It varies amongst different companies based on the employer’s policies. The number of days included in this leave also depends on the policy of the company and the employee may have to give prior notice before taking a leave. 

When the employee sends their application for leave, it is necessary that they coordinate well with all the concerned departments, so that all the requirements can be arranged during the employee’s absence at work. 

Nowadays, the majority of companies have shown a great emphasis on providing paid leave to their workers/employees. Some companies consider it as a right and some might consider it as a perk.

Some common reasons to take annual leave

Work-life balance

Taking a break from work for a couple of days helps you in maintaining a work-life balance. It has multiple positive effects, such as low levels of stress, lower risk of burnout, positive wellbeing, etc. This is beneficial for both employees and employers.

It is believed that resting after work is important for better productivity and results. Work is not the only need that a man has in his life. Love, safety, food, etc, are also some of the other needs that they may desire. Referring to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, one needs to meet all the basic needs to meet their maximum potential.

Therefore, taking a break from work and spending some quality time alone or with family can help you maintain a work-life balance.

Spending time with loved ones

Taking time off with family and loved ones should be considered a top priority. Spending time with loved ones could be a good reason to take leave, as it helps to reduce stress levels. Being physically present with loved ones will provide you with emotional support and help you deal with stress effectively.

Everyone needs time off, and if you make an effort to spend that time with your loved ones it can improve your work-life. It gives you a sense of belongingness, boosts your motivation and increases productivity. You might feel happier while going to work.

Taking care of Mental and Physical health

To improve your mental and physical health you must take leave. Not only does it decrease your stress levels, but it also helps you become more creative, productive, and motivated. Taking a break can physically recharge you. If you have an injury or are facing some serious physical/mental health issue, you can ask for a break to recover.

You must not undervalue your annual leave. When employees are encouraged to take their annual leave entitlement, it prevents the onset of further complications in the development of a mental illness such as depression, anxiety, etc. 

Creating new memories and experiences

Taking leave to explore and make memories is very good for your health. A memory is something that you will be able to cherish forever, you can even share it with others. New experiences sometimes change you as a person, it can be an integral part of self-growth.

It changes your perception, how you look at things and deal with them. Memories can be passed on for generations, you can share them with your kids, grandkids, etc. They can be a source to make your life more meaningful. The experiencing-self wants to explore things and the remembering-self wants memories. They go hand-in-hand.

Maternity/Paternity leave

Maternity and Paternity leave is paid time off that an employee can take to care for their newborn or newly adopted child. Under maternity leave, the expecting mother gets a certain time off before and after the birth of the child. 

Paternity leaves are provided because a father needs to be emotionally and physically available for the mother as well as their child. The father is granted leave for a short period before and after the delivery of the child.

Maternity and Paternity leaves differ based on the country’s legislation and the company’s policies. Although, in most countries, parents are entitled to take maternity/paternity leave. It is essential for the development of their child.

Culture change at the workplace

Employees are entitled to annual leaves and companies must respect that. Contacting employees when they’re on break should be unacceptable unless it’s an emergency. 

HR Manager should provide all the employees with a live document that tracks everyone’s number of holidays. This way an employee can add his/her own list of holidays and see that others are taking holidays too. It acts as a reminder. HR should keep a track of the employee’s annual leave.

The company’s policy should be very open and clear so that the employee is aware of the organisation’s expectations and can plan their annual leave accordingly.  Employee feedback on the management and annual leave policy should always be taken into consideration for a smooth functioning work environment.

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we discussed what annual leave is, some common reasons for annual leave, and how to bring a culture change to the workplace. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): List of reasons for annual leave

What is a good reason to take leave?

There are many reasons to take leave, but some of the most common reasons include taking care of your mental and physical health, spending time with loved ones, and bereavement leave can be considered a perfectly good reason to apply for annual leave.

Do I need to give a reason for annual leave?

Yes, you need to give a reason for annual leave. Your employer will consider your application for leave and decide to accept it or deny it based on the company’s annual leave policy. A prior application needs to be sent to the employer before taking annual leave.

Can annual leave be denied?

The employer can refuse an employee’s request for annual leave based on the company’s policy and the number of holidays that the employee has already taken. For instance, if an employee has taken 30 days off at work in total then the employer may deny their application or allow the employee to take unpaid leave.

How many days of annual leave are you entitled to?

In India, the law mandates a minimum of 15 days of annual leave. Although, the number of annual leave days can change depending upon the country’s laws and the organisation’s annual leave policy. The employer can also sometimes offer more, based on your contract with the company.

Can you cash out more than 2 weeks of annual leave?

The minimum annual leave is for 2 weeks anytime within 12 months, and the employee must be paid no less than they would have received if they hadn’t taken the leave. Basically, it’s paid leave. If you want to cash out more than 2 weeks of annual leave, it will have to be a completely separate agreement/contract with the organisation based on their terms.

References

Panascì, M. A. (2019). The right to paid annual leave as an EU fundamental social right. Comment on Bauer et al.: Joined Cases C-569/16 and C-570/16 Stadt Wuppertal v. Maria Elisabeth Bauer and Volker Willmeroth v. Martina Broßonn, EU: C: 2018: 871. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 26(3), 441-448.

Time out – Don’t undervalue annual leave. (2019, May 21). Soma Health. https://www.somahealth.co.uk/time-out-dont-undervalue-annual-leave/

Why do brothers and sisters experiment? (5 reasons why)

In this blog post, we are going to discuss why brothers and sisters experiment. We distinguish normative sexual behaviours and problematic sexual behaviours amongst siblings, and also how they can lead to sexual assault and exploitation. At the end of this blog, you will also understand how professionals can help teens and adolescents understand what appropriate sexual behaviours are and how caregivers can help.

Why do brothers and sisters experiment?

One of the most common reasons why they experiment could be because of what they saw on television, or what they may have accidentally seen their parents or other family members do. People as children may experiment with their siblings because they are trying to learn and explore their idea of sexual identity.

Experimenting plays a huge role when it comes to learning about ourselves and our environment. It is commonly referred to as the “trial-and-error” process. Children may start experimenting as a result of curiosity, they are curious about gender and sexually related roles. 

It starts with children looking at each other’s private parts and wanting to explore them through touch. If they’re at a very young age, they hardly go beyond touching. Fondling and touching are the most common activities in all age categories. Although, sometimes it is more than just touching and fondling.

Normal Exploratory behaviour

Brothers and sisters experimenting within certain limits can be considered as normal sexual/exploratory behaviour. Such type includes behaviours that:

  • Happen on the spur of the moment and are intermittent.
  • It is agreed upon and neither of them is objecting to this behaviour.
  • The sole focus of their child play is not sex play and involves other interests and activities.
  • Neither of them feels strongly uncomfortable feelings such as anger, shame, fear, or anxiety.
  • The behaviour is not forced upon either of them
  • Usually decreases with appropriate child-rearing practices and caregiver interventions where the child learns how to stop such behaviour.

What is sex play?

Sex play often takes place amongst children who know each other well, are of the nearly same age and have the same abilities. It hardly ever occurs between children who do not know each other at all. Therefore, making brothers and sisters an example in this case because it often occurs between the same sex and could involve siblings. 

It is a common occurrence in childhood where children may show their private parts to each other and touch them in an exploratory way. Normative sexual behaviours and sex play do not include more adult-like sexual behaviours that go beyond touching. 

Brothers and sisters’ casual experiment which is normative can become problematic when it includes more advanced sex activities, and this may be defined as illegal by family or cultural norms or state/federal laws. It becomes problematic when these experiments and experiences are quite often, one-sided, and coercive. It leads to exploitation and sexual assault. And such sibling assault experiences are hardly ever reported or investigated. 

It may have started as casual sex play and turned into something coercive and one-sided. They might feel vulnerable, confused, insecure, and blame themselves for how things have turned out. It is difficult for a child/adolescent to talk about this with their parents or any other adult figure in their life. They may strongly feel uncomfortable or highly embarrassed, as they believe it is taboo.

Problematic Sexual behaviour

Problematic sexual experiments between brothers and sisters, or siblings/cousins of the same sex may be identified through a continuum – from typical to concerning, to problematic. 

These behaviours can be identified when you notice that these sexual acts occur frequently or more than frequently, there is a gap between the two of them (age-gap, developmental gap, intellectual gap, etc). You may also notice that there are strong/upset feelings, it is forceful by nature and may involve threats or aggression. Problematic sexual behaviours include actions such as:

  • Self-touch or self-stimulation that causes physical harm or damage, is very much excessive and occurs in public even after conducting interventions.
  • Frequently occurring sexual behaviours that include an obsession with nudity, pornography, sexting, covertly looking at others when they are naked, habitually showing private parts to others, etc.
  • Sexually touching, poking, rubbing, or squeezing someone without their permission.
  • Sexual interactions include digital-genital contact, oral-genital contact, involves penetration, etc. These interactions between brothers and sisters or siblings in general are considered to be developmentally inappropriate and illegal.
  • Coercive or aggressive sexual contact, sexual contact with animals, and distributing sexual images through texting.

Such problematic behaviours can lead to sexual exploitation and sexual assault. These problematic behaviours don’t need to be always caused by having been sexually abused. Although, sexual abuse and violence between siblings are more common than people know of or talk about. It is underreported and parents may sometimes not know how to deal with it even after it is reported.

What is Sibling Sexual Abuse?

Sibling Sexual Abuse (SSA) involves a brother and sister, two sisters or two brothers. The most common form of SSA takes place between older brothers abusing younger sisters. People are generally very close to their siblings and due to the close relationship and physical proximity between siblings, sibling sexual abuse is considered to be an opportunistic form of abuse. 

The problematic behaviours mentioned above are commonly seen in abusive siblings. On the other hand, siblings who are victims or have been abused do not usually disclose their experiences because they fear not being believed, fear upsetting parents, and are confused about their role in the abuse. 

Some common factors that lead to sibling sexual abuse are as follows:

  • An age gap of 4 or more years between the siblings.
  • Coercion and Violence (forced sexual acts).
  • Developmentally inappropriate sexual behaviours.
  • Problematic sexual behaviours.
  • Availability and duration – which refers to siblings living in the same house, therefore, are always physically available to being abused.
  • Intellectual and physical disability
  • Gender gap.

Sibling sexual abuse can often induce trauma-related symptoms such as intrusion, hyper-arousal, disassociation. It also leads to feelings of insecurity, lower self-esteem, mental health and adjustment issues into adulthood, and parenting issues. It may also impact families and their relations with one another. 

Therapeutic interventions, sex education, and seeking help from a professional or someone you trust can help you avoid being sexually exploited, or engaging in problematic sexual experiences between siblings.

Therapeutic interventions and guidelines for caregivers

Educating yourself about sexual habits/practices, appropriate behaviours, and consent is very important. Therapeutic interventions or even interventions provided by care-givers can help you have an understanding of sexual development. Parents and caregivers should seek help with interventions from mental health professionals who know about sexual development, childhood and adolescent development, and research-based interventions. 

While conducting these interventions, mental health professionals often look at environmental conditions of the child or youth, parenting style, family values and attitudes, social factors, etc. Each brother and sister experiment or siblings experiment experience is different. The treatment and intervention may vary from case to case. 

Two major and commonly practised research-based therapies are Trauma-Focused-Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (TF-CBT) and Problematic Sexual Behaviour-Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (PSB-CBT).

Certain guidelines for caregivers include:

  • Parents can get behaviour training to be able to prevent or respond to problematic sexual behaviours and other behaviour related issues.
  • Psychological and emotional changes should be emphasized upon, during the child’s development.
  • Debunking myths and misconceptions regarding problematic sexual behaviours and their implications on the child.
  • Communication about sexual behaviour and development is necessary. Rather than avoiding these topics, healthy communication can help.
  • Supporting their children when they use coping and decision-making skills.

Presenting information on delicate topics like these calmly will help the child understand the concept in a better way and the child will feel less awkward. Children feel easier to seek help when they know they can trust you and talk to you about it openly. 

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we discussed why brothers and sisters experiment, what are normative sexual behaviours and problematic sexual behaviours. We also learned about what is sex play and how sometimes it can turn into sibling sexual abuse. Towards the end, therapeutic interventions were discussed and we gave some guidelines for caregivers to keep in mind when child-rearing practices come into play. Please reach out with any questions or comments about this article or related subject matter.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Brothers and sisters experimenting

How common is it for brothers and sisters to experiment?

A UK-based study shows that most commonly 10% of males and 15% of females have been involved or have experienced and/or experimented with some type of intimate contact with their siblings. The most common behaviour in such type includes the stroking of genitalia. 

The intimate attraction between siblings or cousins who are related is very uncommon in most cases, due to a hypothesis known as Westermarck Impact, people who are living together through their initial developmental years may become desensitised to each other where sexual interaction is concerned. 

Although, it is also known that family members who are separated at birth may feel intimate attraction, as they have always lived apart.

It is also possible that brothers and sisters who live separate or rarely see each other, may develop such an attraction, and also in the case of step-siblings where the parent is not the same.

Are sisters attracted to their brothers?

There are several cases observed when sisters do feel attracted to their brothers, but this is not always the case. As mentioned above, brothers and sisters sometimes when they live separately, grow apart, and later when they meet there is a chance they may feel attracted towards each other. Sometimes the reason behind this could be that they think they understand each other well because they have similar traits, which may make them believe that they have found their ideal partner.

Why am I sexually attracted to my brother?

Experiencing arousal and desire at a very young age is normal as we humans are sexual beings, (most of the time). Our body is naturally designed to feel such attractions. Brothers are often the first members of the opposite sex that sisters come across, which is why there are chances to develop sexual curiosities about them.

Although, your feelings will not necessarily last a lifetime, and you can get rid of them. You need to become aware of your feelings and let yourself get over them politely in an unhindered manner. 

Can siblings marry?

Marriages amongst cousins are legal in most countries, avunculate marriages are also legal in many countries. But sexual relationships are considered incestuous and taboo or illegal almost universally. Sibling marriages are illegal in most countries around the world, but sometimes siblings do get married, and in society, they are frowned upon as it is considered incest and taboo. Society never accepts such marriages. 

Does incest cause birth defects?

Yes, incest can cause birth defects. Incest or inbreeding in humans can cause an increase in the risk of disorders that are caused by recessive genes. This happens because incest leads to homozygosity, and the offspring can get affected by deleterious traits. The biological fitness of the offspring can be compromised in this case. It also leads to deformities, certain congenital defects, and genetic diseases.

References

Adler, N. A., & Schutz, J. (1995). Sibling incest offenders. Child Abuse & Neglect19(7), 811-819.

Interventions for children and youth with sexual behavior challenges. (n.d.). VLS. https://www.virtuallabschool.org/focused-topics/sexual-development-behavior/lesson-7

National center on the sexual behavior of youth. (n.d.). National Center on the Sexual Behavior of Youth. https://www.ncsby.org/content/normative-sexual-behavior

National center on the sexual behavior of youth. (n.d.). National Center on the Sexual Behavior of Youth. https://ncsby.org/content/problematic-sexual-behavior

Stathopoulos, M. (2012). Sibling sexual abuse. Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Tiwari, D. (2019, September 26). I experimented with my brother (5 things to do next). Optimist Minds. https://optimistminds.com/i-experimented-with-my-brother/

Tiwari, D. (2020, September 16). How common is it for brothers and sisters to experiment? (A guide). PsychReel. https://psychreel.com/brothers-and-sisters-experiment/

Free Online Counselling Chat 24/7

In this blog post, we are going to discuss what online counselling is, how therapists counsel via chat, and what are the possible advantages and disadvantages of free online counselling chat 24/7. In the end, I have also listed a few popular websites which provide online counselling services.

What is Online Counselling?

Online counselling has multiple terms such as ‘e-therapy’, ‘cybertherapy’, and ‘web counselling’. It involves a therapist providing mental health services via the internet. There are many ways to deliver these services, a therapist can provide counselling and support through email, text messaging, video call, online chat, or internet phone call.

This form of therapy can take place in real-time or in delayed time format, such as live chat and emails respectively. Online Counselling became an emerging modality of counselling, after the establishment of the International Society for Mental Health Online (ISMHO), an organisation that encourages the use and development of online technologies amongst mental health professionals.

How does online counselling work?

Online Counselling is a practice of professional counselling that takes place when the client and counsellor are in separate or remote locations and make use of computer-mediated communication to communicate with each other.

Mental Health Professionals use certain tools for communicating during online therapy, which includes: emails, text messaging, real-time chat, mobile device apps, etc. 

These services can be easily accessed through desktop computers, laptops, or mobile phones. 

The significant growth of mobile phones and internet usage has made online counselling easier. People can connect with therapists via websites, mobile apps, etc.

 Online Counselling through chat has become very popular recently, especially during the lockdown

The majority of the therapists had to move to an online form of therapy due to the Covid-19 pandemic situation. 

How effective is Online Counselling?

A study that reviewed the motives and experiences of the young crowd who is more likely to use the Internet for counselling assistance showed that there are various positive aspects of online counselling:

  • Adolescents felt safer and less emotionally exposed when engaging in online counselling via chat.
  • They felt as if they were not that exposed interpersonally when it came to their details.
  • Some participants reported feeling more protected and less criticised.

Few general benefits of online therapy include:

  • Easy accessibility: Clients can connect with therapists from any part of the world.
  • It is a very good option for remote areas, and people with physical limitations.
  • The treatment is more convenient.
  • Affordable subscriptions and packages are available.

Free Online Counselling chat 24/7

Various websites, organisations, and mobile apps have emerged to facilitate this need. You will come across many websites that provide free online counselling via chat. Some of them are available 24/7. 

Therapists usually volunteer to provide free therapy, or in some cases, the website/organisation creates fundraisers to help their projects and pay therapists. This is a widely emerging concept and people are starting to provide such services for free to make therapy more accessible and spread awareness about mental health.

You will also come across some websites that give you free trials for the first few sessions and then charge you for the remaining ones. Majorly, two kinds of services are provided on these platforms: Listening and Counselling.

  • Listening: It involves volunteers who become certified listeners and provide emotional support via chat through one on one texting or support groups. They are available 24/7 and help with daily life struggles which involve depression, anxiety, anger-management, maintaining work-life balance, etc.
  • Counselling: Generally, you have to pick a subscription and book an appointment with an online therapist on one of the online counselling platforms. The therapist will provide therapy via a chat session, video call, or telephone call. The subscriptions may vary on different platforms.

Disadvantages of Free online counselling chat 24/7

  • Confidentiality – It is the responsibility of every mental health practitioner to protect and maintain the confidentiality of their clients. But due to the written nature of the internet, it is a possible risk that a security breach might occur to client records and case-related information.
  • Absence of verbal and non-verbal cues – Counselling involves a process where the therapist identifies verbal and non-verbal cues. This particular model of communication does not allow the therapist to observe the client’s facial expressions, body language, eye contact, etc. 

This may hinder the part where the therapist needs to gain an insight into the client’s thoughts and feelings through observing and interpreting cues.

  • Therapist credibility – the client receiving online counselling may not always receive assurance about the Counsellor’s credibility as there is no way to verify it personally.
  • Ethical considerations – Since online counselling services are emerging, we also need to consider certain ethical codes. For instance, if the counsellor does not have enough identity proof or details about the client, then it becomes difficult for the therapist to call for help in case of an emergency, such as s**cidal or h**icidal behaviour.

Some worldwide recognised platforms that provide free online counselling chat 24/7

Many websites provide free online counselling chat 24/7, out of which we will be listing some. However, you must pick one depending on your needs and expectations. You can always explore and come up with a decision.

7 Cups

7 Cups is a very popular emotional support and online therapy provider. No matter what you’re going through, 7 Cups is a place that assures that you will be heard and cared for.

They provide online therapy and counselling for those aged 18+ for $150 per month. Although, chatting online with caring listeners anonymously is completely free of cost. 

For teens, you can find certified listeners on their page as well as teen support groups.

They also provide you with chat rooms and forums where you connect with people for support regarding various issues like depression, anxiety, LGBTQIA+, etc.

As stated in their statistics, 7 Cups had:

  • 1,323,893,312 messages sent
  • 53,978,449 people reached
  • 429,571 listeners

TalkSpace

TalkSpace is accessible 24/7 and you can reach out to them whenever you need help. They provide therapy at affordable rates and you can switch between therapists with no extra cost.

It is online as well as a mobile app where you can start by creating an account. 

Then they guide you with the whole process, which normally involves answering a brief assessment of your preferences, picking a therapist from a list of recommendations, and selecting a subscription. 

The various subscriptions that they provide are:

  • Unlimited Messaging Therapy Plus: $65 per week (Charged as $260 monthly)
  • Unlimited Messaging Therapy Premium: $79 per week (Charged as $316 monthly)
  • Live Talk Therapy Ultimate: $99 per week (Charged as $396 monthly)
  • Couples Therapy: $99 per week (Charged as $396 monthly) or $86 per week (Charged $1068 every 3 months)

TalkSpace online therapy is way more affordable than face-to-face offline therapy. They have a wide range of therapists who have specialised in fields like anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and more.

They also work with various employers, health plans, employee assistance programs (EAPs), and educational organisations to make their services accessible and affordable.

They have published more than ten efficacy studies in peer-reviewed journals, have more than 15 premier research partners, and have 5 leading health insurers with in-network agreements.

BetterHelp

BetterHelp can be accessed worldwide. Its mission is to make professional counselling accessible, affordable, and convenient. Anyone struggling with life challenges can get help anywhere, anytime.

They provide you with access to mental health professionals who are licensed, trained, and experienced therapists. They have accredited psychologists (PhD / PsyD), marriage and family therapists (LMFT), clinical social workers (LCSW / LMSW), and board licensed professional counsellors (LPC).

You can find various counselling plans ranging from $40 to $50 per week and are billed monthly. They don’t have any free online counselling chat rooms available on their page.

They have partnered up with various organisations like the International Society for Mental Health Online (ISMHO), Mental Health America (MHA), Telemental Health Institute, etc.

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we have learned what free online counselling chat 24/7 is, discussed how online counselling works, how it works, and how effective it is. We’ve also highlighted some disadvantages of online counselling. 

What one needs to always remember is that online counselling is not meant to replace the effectiveness of face-to-face counselling and that we must always pick a counselling model based on our needs.

Towards the end, I have listed three popular websites that provide online counselling services. You can always explore your options as there are many available.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Free Online Counselling Chat 24/7

What can I do if I can’t afford therapy?

You can start by checking your insurance plans, and see what options are available. Try a community mental health centre or attend support groups. Various websites provide online counselling at affordable rates, some even provide free online counselling, you can always check them out.

Can I talk to a counsellor online for free?

Yes, you can talk to a counsellor online for free. This article has covered up certain details about free online counselling chat 24/7. You will find various websites and mobile apps that provide such services.

How can I get free therapy sessions?

Community centres, hospitals, counselling websites, and many more places sometimes offer free therapy sessions. You can check for these services based on your needs, and find the nearest/most accessible option. You can also check for discount offers that various online counselling websites provide.

Is online counselling safe?

Ethical and security considerations come into play when we opt for online counselling. It is natural to be worried about security issues because of the written nature of the internet, but other than that online counselling is safe and you need not worry about anything else.

Can I chat with a therapist online?

Yes, you can chat with a therapist online. You will find various programs, online counselling websites, and mobile apps that provide such services. Some websites match you with a therapist based on your counselling needs and expectations.

References

Agboola, J. (2021, March 5). Free online counselling chat 24/7. OptimistMinds. https://optimistminds.com/free-online-counselling-chat-24-7/

Chester, A., & Glass, C. A. (2006). Online counselling: A descriptive analysis of therapy services on the Internet. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 34(2), 145-160.

King, R., Bambling, M., Lloyd, C., Gomurra, R., Smith, S., Reid, W., & Wegner, K. (2006). Online counselling: The motives and experiences of young people who choose the Internet instead of face to face or telephone counselling. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 6(3), 169-174.

Mallen, M. J., Vogel, D. L., & Rochlen, A. B. (2005). The practical aspects of online counseling: Ethics, training, technology, and competency. The counseling psychologist, 33(6), 776-818.

What is online therapy? (n.d.). Verywell Mind. https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-online-therapy-2795752

INFJ characters: (Top 5)

This article will discuss the INFJ personality type which is also known as the advocate because of their desire to speak up for others. The article will look at the characters from different movies or series that fall into this category and also introduce the personality type and highlight its traits.

Who Are Famous INFJ Characters?

The following characters are identified as INFJ personality types:

  • Remus Lupin
  • Yoda
  • Albus Dumbledore
  • Izuku
  • Norman

Before we look at them in detail, we will take a quick look at what the INFJ personality type basically is!

What Is The INFJ Personality Type?

The INFJ personality type is introverted, intuitive, feeling and judging and is also known as the advocate! This MBTI type is quiet but guided with a strong passion to work for the betterment of others; they are strong believers in working for the welfare of humanity backed by their values and beliefs.

This is the rarest personality type in the Myer Briggs inventory of personality types! They are idealists who actually take practical steps in order to introduce the change needed in society. The advocate has a strong sense of integrity and is willing to sacrifice their time and efforts to work for others and the issues they face.

What is interesting and unique about this type is that they have differing traits within them; at one point they may act differently than they usually do. For example, the personality type under discussion may be very passionate and speak confidently about the rights of others however, at other times, they may deem it better to stay quiet and not create friction. They take into the consideration the situation that helps them decide when to speak up and when to keep the peace and not challenge others. 

The Major Traits of INFJs – The Advocates

Remus Lupin

Remus is one of the founders of the Marauders map as well as a member of the Order of Phoenix that was created to fight against the Dark Lord. He was only a child when Fenrir Greyback bit him, causing him to suffer from a condition which resulted in him turning into an uncontrollable werewolf every time the full Moon appeared. There was no cure at the time however, thanks to Snape, he was provided with a potion that would allow him to become unharmful during that time of the month and stay within his office.

Remus, called Moony by his friends, is given the post of the Defense Against the Dark Arts at Hogwarts when Harry and his friends are in their third year. He takes much pleasure in teaching the students all while ensuring they have much fun. It is during this time when the dementors are free because of the looming threat of Sirius Black.

Remus is one of the central characters of the series; he marries Tonks and has a son with her however they both die during the battle at Hogwarts after bravely fighting against the death eaters.

Yoda

Yoda looks like the quiet, wise and mystical being you would imagine! These personality types are unique in that they like connecting to others, stand up for what is right and view the world in an abstract and maybe not so objective manner.

These individuals are insightful, creative, passionate and obviously altruistic. They love doing what is right and beneficial for others while at the same time pushing people to embark on a journey of self discovery. However, these very same types may be prone to burnout, reluctant to open up and sensitive to criticism! 

Yoda very much fits this type because he has a habit of picking up patterns and putting himself in other people’s shoes! However the way he conducts himself like talking in riddles may be a bit frustrating to others who prefer a more blunt approach! 

Albus Dumbledore

He is the headmaster of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry! An elegant and sophisticated personality, Albus Dumbledore falls into the category of INFJs because of his traits and overall character in the movie. He has a very secretive past and is generally not sharing when it comes to his personal life. He dresses in long robes and wears glasses, always wears a hat and has a long white beard.

People like Dumbledore are hopeful for a better future and it is their idealistic standards that push themselves and others to work harder for the greater good. In the movie series ‘Harry Potter’, it becomes apparent later in the series that Dumbledore is a strong driving force behind the goal of defeating Voldemort, The Dark lord.

These people have multiple plans up their sleeves and are well aware of the ground situation that makes them take more practical steps. This is obvious when Harry realizes the many connections Dumbledore has made throughout his life and how well aware Dumbledore is of who can help him and how in the movie.

Norman

He is from the manga series of The Promised Neverland and is an orphan who lives with his siblings – he is only 11 years old. He is waiting to become part of the perfect family who will keep him forever! However, things do not go as planned and now Norman must look out for his siblings.

His desire to protect others first is evident of his INFJ personality. Also, he is very insightful because of which he can come up with very good plans; they are not only good but practical and can be executed!

He is a student of the Grace Field House and is extremely smart and known for the strategic plans he comes up with! As soon as he realizes the truth behind the orphanage, he teams up with others but soon realizes he must sacrifice himself. He is not killed but transferred to a far away experimentation plant!

Norman is a young boy who has blondish white hair, blue eyes and thick eyebrows which are his defining feature!

Izuku Midoriya

He is from the My Hero Academia series where he is dedicated to bringing peace and prosperity to all; in the process he wants to become that hero everyone looks up to! He, like other INFJs, likes to take the time to carefully plan their next move but soon realizes that he needs to be way more efficient to make things work. 

He is very kind and wants to help others; he has vision which he works towards with all his might and strength! 

Unlike others, Izuku was born quirkless but still, he caught the attention of All Might. This was possible because of his heroism and innate sense of justice hence he became a student of the latter!

The Strengths & Weaknesses – Characters Who Are Advocates

The following traits are found in many INFJ characters including the above! See who you can match with each trait! The following traits are as follows:

  • Altruistic – A Bit Too much!
  • Passionate
  • Insightful
  • Creative
  • Selfless
  • Perfectionists
  • Reserved
  • Unique

Altruistic – A Bit Too Much!

As we mentioned earlier, the INFJ personality type is extremely altruistic; they just love helping people and will not stop at any chance of doing so! They will grab any chance to help someone in need by either sharing their resources or guiding them in a certain matter with their experience, wisdom and obviously time. However, the effort they put in is a lot and they may end up helping so much that others take their kind gestures of help for granted. 

Passionate.

Passion is what defines these unique and hard working individuals! What is it that keeps them going? Obviously their passion to help others and create a just society where others can live in peace and harmony. 

INFJs are hard workers and put their all into helping others; this is only possible because of the passion they have that drives them even when they feel exhausted and drained, physically, mentally and emotionally. They are introverts so sometimes they may go into hiding to regain the energy they need. However, they will be back in no time!

Insightful

The INFJ looks beyond what is apparent; they have excellent intuition that allows them to know what exactly and truly is going on. They are the type of people who have great gut feelings in the sense that these gut feelings are almost always accurate. They are one step ahead as they not only gather information through their senses but also through their intuition.

Creative

The best thing about these individuals that apart from all these great qualities that they have, they are also very creative! They can use their mind to come up with unique, innovative and interesting solutions to complex problems. They also use their creativity to help others live better lives. On top of that, they are practical enough to ensure they do not get carried away by their creative minds.

Selfless

Yes the advocate is indeed selfless and this is seen in their behavior when they go out of the way to help others often neglecting their own needs!

Perfectionists

Yes this trait can sometimes hamper the efforts of the advocate in that they get stuck trying to make things better and better. They need to step back and be satisfied with what they do!

Reserved.

Although they are emotionally sensitive, they do not express feelings and prefer to stay in themselves. It is difficult to have them open up about what they feel – usually the reason they stay shut off is because they fear being hurt.

Unique.

The INFJ personality wants to be unique and this is why they push themselves so hard! They do not want to live an ordinary life like others and want to be different and represent a bigger cause that is related to the rights of others!

Conclusion.

This article discussed the INFJ personality type in detail by addressing the question of who is an INFJ personality as well as highlighting their most prominent traits. The article also listed and discussed the strengths and weaknesses of the personality type in question.

Frequently Asked Questions: 5 INFJ Characters: The Advocates

Is Dumbledore an INFJ?

Yes he is definitely an INFJ.

What is the scariest type of MBTI?

INTJ as they do not show they are angry. You only find out when you face the consequences of making them angry.

Which is the rarest personality type?

The rarest personality type is the INFJ type in the MBTI inventory.

References.

https://www.16personalities.com/infj-strengths-and-weaknesses

https://www.truity.com/personality-type/INFJ

Describe Common Signs And Indicators Of Stress

This blog gives a detailed description of common signs and indicators of stress.

What Is Stress?

Stress is the reaction of your body towards pressure from certain events or situations. It can manifest itself as a mental, physical, or emotional response.

Every one of us has to deal with stress at some stage in our lives. Perhaps, it is the job or school, family issues, or financial troubles. These are some of the common triggers. According to research, almost half of the entire American population is facing moderate stress.

Some stress is a natural and healthy occurrence as it makes you aware of the surroundings and increases your focus on the things that require attention. That said, in some instances, stress can increase your strength and ability to get the tasks done.

Common Signs and Indicators of Stress

Acute Stress

At times you feel stressed for a short duration; it is natural and nothing to be worried about. For instance, when you are required to submit a project, or you need to talk in front of a bunch of fellows. Perhaps you feel a tingly feeling in your stomach or your hands get sweaty. These are the physical manifestations of acute stress.

Chronic Stress

If the stress in your life is persistent or stays for long durations, possibly hindering and damaging other parts of your life, then this is chronic stress. It can affect your emotional, mental, or physical health. Hence, you need to be aware of the early warning signs and indicators of stress to control and manage it.

The physical manifestation of chronic stress exhibits as

  • Headaches
  • Trouble sleeping or oversleeping
  • Digestive problems
  • Muscle strain or tension
  • High blood pressure
  • Changes in libido

The emotional manifestation of chronic stress shows as:

  • Anxiety or depression.
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping excessively.
  • Racing thoughts and constant worries.
  • Anger, restlessness, or irritability.
  • Feeling unmotivated, overwhelmed, or unfocused.

 Sometimes stress can be too much to handle alone. If you are at a stage where you just cannot manage stress, you should consult a medical specialist. Seek the help of your primary doctor, they can help you determine the cause of your stress and diagnose whether it is just stress or any other mental disorder.

They may even refer you to a mental health consultant and offer you effective tools and resources.

Some other signs of stress overload may include the following:

  • No time for leisure and relaxing activities.
  • Susceptibility to accidents, and incidents of forgetfulness.
  • Workaholic behavior
  • Absenteeism
  • Poor time management or/and lack of standards at work,
  • Self-neglect/change in outlook.
  • Social withdrawal
  • High reliability to smoking, alcohol, caffeine, or recreational and illegal drugs.

Causes of Stress

Stress can be unique to everyone, in the sense that there can be various causes of it. Some can be stressed because their friendship is being challenged. 

Some causes of stress are given below:

  • When faced with big changes.
  • When a person is under lots of pressure.
  • Uncertain times.
  • Worries about any specific thing.
  • Loss or lack of control over any situation.
  • Overwhelming feeling due to responsibilities.
  • Not adequate activities, work, or change in one’s life.

However, several causes of stress can impact negatively in their lives, including:

  • Losing jobs
  • Being bullied
  • Working to the point of exhaustion and burnout.
  • Relationship or marriage problems.
  • Breakups and divorce
  • Difficulty in academics.
  • Death of a close one.
  • Busy schedule.
  • Recent move.

Everybody reacts the same way to stressors. This is because the body responds to dealing with challenging and tough times. It can cause respiratory, hormonal, cardiovascular, and nervous system changes. For instance, stress can make the heart pace faster, breathe heavily, tense, and sweat. It can also have a boost of energy, eliciting the body’s fight or flight response. This chemical reaction prepares the body for a physical reaction, as it is under attack. This type of stress reaction had helped our ancestors to survive in difficult ancient times.

How Is Stress Diagnosed?

If you are facing troubles in managing stress or your response to difficult events, and it gets more intense and prolonged than usual, it is sensible to talk to a specialist.

The doctor might ask you the questions regarding:

  • If any traumatic event has happened recently?
  • If your stress levels are increased than normal when you react to certain things at work or at home?
  • If your stress is as a response to grief?
  • Is any mental disorder is being presented in the form of stress?7

Based on the above questions and follow-up questions, the medical practitioner can recommend certain stress management tricks and techniques.

Stress Management

Stress can be curbed when it is effectively managed, and it won’t even negatively impact your life if you adopt a healthy lifestyle.

  1. Eat and drink healthy and nutritious items. Some people are in a habit of handling stress by overeating junk food or drinking alcohol or smoking. These actions are a temporary solution but actually yield long-term problems. Caffeine also increases stress. Taking a healthy, nutritious, and balanced diet can help in combating stress.
  2. Stop nicotine and tobacco products. People who are habitual of nicotine as a stress reliever. However, nicotine can actually cause more physical arousal and reduce blood flow, affecting breathing.
  3. Exercise regularly. Physical health and movement exercises can be powerful stress relievers. Try strengthening exercises, yoga, or Tai Chi, and set reasonable goals for yourself. Aerobic exercises help in releasing endorphins, responsible for a positive attitude.
  4. Reduce your triggers. Some people are prone to certain things which increase their stress levels. If you are one of the many people whose life is filled with so many demands and lack time. You can free time by practicing time management exercises, setting priorities, asking for help when needed, and reserving time for self-care.
  5. Learn and Practice Relaxation Strategies. You can diffuse your daily stress by learning and practicing various relaxation exercises and techniques. Breathing exercises, muscle relaxation, mindfulness meditation, and visualization practices can help in relieving stress. There are also paid and unpaid apps on your smartphones that can help in guided meditation, or hypnosis meditation.
  6. Live by your values. You should reflect on your beliefs and no matter how busy life gets, make sure to value them whenever you take up any new tasks.
  7. Be assertive. Learn to say no when necessary and don’t feel sorry about it. You don’t always need to please people, learn to prioritize yourself.
  8. Value yourself. When you feel overwhelmed, keep reminding yourself that you are doing to your best potential. Have a good sense of self-esteem which isn’t affected by the amount of work you do.
  9. Set manageable goals. Be mindful that you cannot control everything; there will always be some sort of stress at work and at home and you need to go easy on yourself while making short, achievable goals for yourself.

Some relaxation and stress reduction methods include:

  • Meditation
  • Deep breathing exercises.
  • Relaxation activities like muscle relaxing exercises, mental imagery relaxation.
  • Counseling
  • Mindfulness meditation

Your healthcare provider can also help you by giving personalized suggestions and techniques.

Biofeedback

Biofeedback can help stress reduction by offering information regarding heart rate, muscle tensions, and other vital signs to help the person relax. It helps you in gaining control over body functions that may cause physical pain and tension.

Conclusion

This blog gave a detailed description of common signs and indicators of stress.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Describe Common Signs And Indicators Of Stress

What are the most common causes of stress?

  • When faced with big changes.
  • When a person is under lots of pressure.
  • Uncertain times.
  • Worries about any specific thing.
  • Loss or lack of control over any situation.
  • Overwhelming feeling due to responsibilities.
  • Not adequate activities, work, or change in one’s life.

How do you identify stress?

Some of the behavioral signs to identify stress are given below:

  • No time for leisure and relaxing activities.
  • Susceptibility to accidents, and incidents of forgetfulness.
  • Workaholic behavior
  • Absenteeism
  • Poor time management or/and lack of standards at work,
  • Self-neglect/change in outlook.
  • Social withdrawal
  • High reliability to smoking, alcohol, caffeine, or recreational and illegal drugs.

What are the symptoms of stress?

Some common symptoms of stress overload are given below:

  • Excessive worries.
  • Panic attacks
  • Overeating/oversleeping
  • Constant pressure
  • Smoking
  • Withdrawal from social situations
  • Depression

What are 5 emotional signs of stress?

  • Anxiety or depression.
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping excessively.
  • Racing thoughts and constant worries.
  • Anger, restlessness, or irritability.
  • Feeling unmotivated, overwhelmed, or unfocused.

How do I get rid of stress?

  • Meditation
  • Deep breathing exercises.
  • Relaxation activities like muscle relaxing exercises, mental imagery relaxation.
  • Counseling
  • Mindfulness meditation

References

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/8133-stress-10-ways-to-ease-stress

https://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/what-is-stress

Worst Jobs For People With Anxiety (5+)

This comprehensive guide will give you a detailed description of the worst jobs for people with anxiety (of various types of anxiety disorders).

Worst Jobs For People With Anxiety

Anxiety is a response to stressful situations. It is exhibited in the form of fear, and what is about to happen next. Various events can lead to anxiety, such as the first day at an interview, college or school environment, stage anxiety. Some jobs and work environments can lead to anxiety-inducing situations.

Some of the worst jobs for people with anxiety are:

  • Waitstaff/Server
  • Salesperson
  • Cashier
  • Police Officer
  • Stay-at-Home Parent
  • Teacher
  • Manager
  • Politician
  • Professional Sportsperson
  • Performer/Entertainer
  • Waitstaff/Server

Although several students and teenagers participate in serving jobs as side jobs or internships, however, there are so many aspects of the waiting job which can be extremely challenging for the people battling with anxiety disorders, especially social anxiety disorder.

As waitstaff, people are expected to be always smiling and entertaining their customers with a friendly persona. This helps in ensuring bigger topics. Some other difficult and challenging parts of this job include serving food and cutlery, pouring drinks, and being friendly even to rude or unhappy customers.

However, if you are dealing with and managing your anxiety disorders with medication and counseling sessions, you can become a server and induce the confidence that these social situations demand. 

  • Salesperson

Salespersons have to deal with the public, but they also need to ensure they are confident, convincing, persuasive, and excellent at establishing an impression.

Several salespeople are commissioned for their work, suggesting that their income depends on how optimally they perform at their work. Additionally, the majority of the positions in the sales department involve pressure to reach the target sales. 

It can be a competitive environment among the colleagues instead of exuding a feeling of companionship.

  • Cashier

The job of cashier primarily involves public dealing, money handling, changing money, and generally working at your best potential under pressure conditions.

On a lucky, quiet day, the social challenges may not be so drastic and challenging. But on a busy day, this can be possibilities and opportunities to challenge your social skills and anxiety management.

If you are ready to push yourself and exercise your social skills by communicating with strangers the entire day–by all means, apply away. Other than that, you would need to work on your symptoms and anxiety.

  • Police Officer

The police department can be extremely challenging for people with a social anxiety disorder. As a police officer, you must think level-headedly and quickly, take the appropriate action and make fast decisions. You also need to have strong nerves to deal with difficult and dangerous people and perhaps hard situations.

Police officers also have to deliver presentations and speeches in the community groups. If you have stage fright or generalized anxiety disorder, then this aspect of the job could also be a big challenge.

  • Stay-at-Home Parent

Parenting is an extremely arduous and anxiety-inducing position. Parenting can be challenging for people battling anxiety disorders, especially if they are scared of people. Parents are involved in arranging playdates, organizing their daycare, planning birthday parties and other get-togethers, and coordinating music and sports activities. When the job is appropriately performed, it requires much social interaction and challenging situations, where you have to be brave on the children’s part.

Hence, if you are a parent with an anxiety disorder, it is advisable to manage your anxiety. Regular counseling sessions can help you unload the burden and help you in keeping your condition under control.

  • Teacher

Teachers have the most significant, challenging task, but they are heavily underpaid. They actually prepare the young generation for life and career.

Additionally, it requires extensive public speaking, regular meetings with parents, encouragement, and help with co-curricular activities and communicating with other teachers, teaching support staff, and principals.

All these tasks can be nerve-wracking for teachers with anxiety. Hence, teaching can be a bad option if you have anxiety.

  • Manager

Managers can find their place in almost every type of workplace. Usually, employees with extraordinary credentials are promoted to the top management levels within the company. Sometimes, managers are freshly hired to bring new perspectives to the current workers.

There are various challenging aspects of managerial positions, particularly for people with a generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder. It includes dealing with various people with different personalities, solving the problems and emergent issues, and constant interactions during a typical workday. Managers also are required to report to their superiors and authority figures.

  • Politician

Politicians are typically public speakers. They are influential, charismatic, and capable people who are able to unite people and communities. In addition to public speaking skills, politicians are under constant scrutiny of people and media persons, all their activities like relations with other politicians and foreign leaders, and expected rejection by the countrymen and voters.

  • Professional Sportsperson

Several professional sportspersons have to be the center of attention of large crowds. This job is as much about great performance as it is about social skills.

It isn’t much of a bigger difference if you are a pro athlete or play it for leisure; you are supposed to perform great in front of the audience as you want to when you are playing alone. Sportsmen like Ricky Williams and Zack Greinke can understand the challenges the game can bring because they are professional sports persons battling a social anxiety disorder.

  • Performer/Entertainer

The job of entertainer/performer can put you in an extremely difficult position if you have any type of anxiety disorder. You are required to stand on the stage and address the various audiences and engage with them while ensuring they are genuinely entertained. All performance arts like music, news anchors, drama artists, talk-show hosts, or radio jockeys are demanding positions and require them to be in the public eye.

The types of performance jobs are specifically challenging for people experiencing stage fright. Barbra Streisand knows the challenge such obstacles bring and yet still able to succeed at their jobs.

Treatment Options For Anxiety Disorders:

Anxiety is not a simple, plain thing, so it’s not sensible to shrug it off. If you think you are experiencing anxiety and nothing seems to work–you need to take immediate action. If you think your job is making your condition worse, it is high time you reconsider your life and reevaluate the options and choices with regards to your job.

If you are diagnosed with anxiety, you can explore the treatment options with your doctor. For some people, medical treatment may not be necessary, considering they may have mild anxiety. Lifestyle changes can help in coping with the symptoms.

Whereas in moderate to severe cases, treatment can help overcome the symptoms and manage daily life.

Treatment for anxiety includes two classes: medication and psychotherapy. 

Medications usually include antidepressants, sedatives, and anxiolytic drugs. Most commonly, anxiolytic drugs are used. People often develop anxiety due to various reasons. So, Xanax and Valium can treat the symptoms. However, these are highly addictive drugs and can also cause extreme dependence. Therefore, lesser addictive drugs like fluoxetine and sertraline can be used to treat anxiety.

Meeting the therapist or counselor can help in learning tools to use and coping strategies for anxiety. Some of the natural remedies or coping strategies and techniques to manage anxiety are described below:

  • Healthy Diet: Including healthy and nutritious meals in your daily routine can help you keep anxiety at bay. Some foods like salmon, turmeric, yogurt, dark chocolate, green tea, and chamomile can help in controlling anxiety. Additionally, stay away from anxiety-causing drinks and foods, typically coffee and tea.
  • Physically Active Lifestyle: Improving the physical movements and adding exercise and walking regimen to your routine can help manage your anxiety.
  • Meditation and Mindfulness Activities: These activities greatly help reduce the chaotic thoughts and bring a sense of groundedness and calm in the people. It is most effective in relieving stress and anxiety.
  • Get Adequate Sleep: sleep disturbances are a major sign that you may be experiencing anxiety. However, making conscious efforts to manage your sleep pattern and the cycle can help in managing your anxiety concerns.

Conclusion

This comprehensive guide provided a detailed description of the worst jobs for people with anxiety (of various types of anxiety disorders).

Anxiety generally is not a medical condition but a natural response essential for survival when a person finds themselves in danger. An anxiety disorder may develop when the response is more intense and exaggerated. 

If your job is causing or aggravating your anxiety, you need to reconsider your options and opt for a comfortable environment where you can be your true self without being hard on yourself.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Worst Jobs For People With Anxiety

What is a good first job for someone with anxiety?

Some examples of a good first job for someone with anxiety include a pet groomer, dog trainers, dog walker, or kennel worker. If you are someone who likes to work outdoors, then landscaping is the perfect position for you. You are likely to be working with a team of professional landscapers. However, most of the work will be performed alone by you.

Can anxiety stop you from getting a job?

Yes, anxiety can be life-altering in this way. The actions which are often found along the feelings of terror and fear can make it extremely difficult to communicate with colleagues and supervisors. Thus, it can make it challenging to keep the job, even if you are good at something.

What is the most severe anxiety?

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is the most severe anxiety disorder. It is characterized by chronic worries, tension, and anxieties, even if they’re nothing or little to justify it.

Is it hard to get disability for anxiety?

In order to qualify for social security disability benefits for an anxiety disorder, you must be able to show chronic symptoms of your condition and they should meet at least one of the many medical diagnoses regarding anxiety and that they extremely and negatively affect your functionality.

Can you get fired for anxiety?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects the workers from discrimination on the basis of their disability–including mental illnesses like anxiety and depression. Some workplaces ensure inclusivity without any discrimination, so you can not get fired for anxiety in that case.

What is the best job for someone with social anxiety?

The best job options for people with social anxiety include zookeepers, veterinary technicians, rescue workers, kennel operators, or animal groomers. You can excel in these jobs if you are an animal lover, then working in a place where you can be with animals can be a perfect place to work independently and silently.

References

https://www.verywellmind.com/the-worst-jobs-for-people-with-social-anxiety-disorder-3024989