This article will discuss the psychology of the bipolar test. It will provide a detailed analysis of biomarkers and the symptoms of bipolar disorder.
What Is A Bipolar Test?
Do you suspect that you might have bipolar mania? You may be worried that you are turning manic? Use the checklist in this article to see the symptoms of mania and test your score at the end.
The bipolar test is given below if you are currently experiencing symptoms; note that if you have these symptoms for more than a week, then consult your doctor to confirm.
Keep count of the questions where you answered Yes in the following sections.
- Are you experiencing unusually high energy and/or activities?
- Are you abnormally overjoyed, although nothing in life is adding to it? The happiness may have started with something special, but the feeling lasted longer than usual.
- Do you have an unusually expansive mood?
- Are you unusually irritable for no reason?
These symptoms should show a noteworthy difference from your typical behavior experiences.
- Are you feeling rested with only a few hours of sleep?
- Is your self-esteem increased than usual, or are you experiencing grandiosity?
- Are you having racing thoughts, or are you speaking rapidly, switching topic to topic, or a flight of ideas?
- Are you talking more than typical, or you feel like you must keep talking?
- Are you easily distracted?
- Are you taking impulsive risks without any fear of consequences?
- Are you extremely restless or impulsively overcommitting to various projects?
- Are you having delusions and hallucinations?
- Is your behavior causing severe difficulties in your life (for instance, in school or at work)?
- Have you been hospitalized due to these symptoms to prevent harming others or yourself?
Scoring the Bipolar Mania Test
After scoring your results, it is important to read about additional critical factors.
1 Yes = 0 point
2+ Yes = 1 point
1-2 Yes = 0 point
3+ Yes = 1 point
1+ Yes = 1 point
Generally, 3 points are necessary to be diagnosed with a manic episode. Nonetheless, the occurrence of any symptoms in either section is a sign that you need mental health evaluation. In the end, it is a qualified medical practitioner who can confirm the diagnosis for bipolar disorder.
- You can have mixed episodes.
- You can be experiencing hypomania instead of mania.
- You may have other illnesses like schizophrenia or brief psychotic disorder.
You should also consider the following factors:
- Did your symptoms start with the use of illegal drugs or alcohol? If yes, the diagnosis of mania can’t be confirmed, but you should take help immediately.
- Did your symptoms start after the prescription drugs or other medical treatment? If yes, the occurrence of bipolar mania should be assessed by a doctor, but immediate treatment must be sought.
Milan Study on the Biomarkers of Bipolar Disorder
A group of medical researchers from the University of Policlinico Hospital, Milan, Italy, claimed that they had identified biomarkers for bipolar clients with and without psychosis. The study was published in the journal Bipolar Disorders. It was discovered that the brains of both sets of bipolar clients, with and without psychosis, metabolize glucose in different ways than the ones without bipolar disorder.
The biomarkers have been used in the medical field for a long time now; they are hard to identify in the domain of mental health. Researchers have been searching for biomarkers that can be confidently correlated with mental illnesses. Italian researchers have found the first biomarker for the identification with clinical testing. This is likely to be a major discovery, and it has created a sense of optimism among researchers.
Without biomarkers, mental health researchers are unable to use objective testing to identify if a person has a particular mental illness.
What are Biomarkers?
Biomarkers are a component of a broad category of medical symptoms; it allows for an objective examination of a phenomenon in the body. It can include swelling, pigmentation, skin rashes, etc. It can be observed by anyone, by the patient, or by a doctor.
On the contrary, there are symptoms. Symptoms are subjective as they are reported by the patient to the doctor. Biomarkers are distinct, according to the National Institute of Health group, the biomarker is “a characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological processes, pathogenic processes or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention.” The biomarkers can be used for prognostic or diagnostic purposes to predict the disease. Biomarkers can help to improve the chances to fight the disease.
Biomarker For Bipolar Disorder
The Italian researchers discovered that by using a tracer, fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), they studied the processing of glucose in the brain with the support of positron emission tomography (PET) scans. The researchers found out that glucose uptake was different among patients of bipolar disorder with and without psychosis, as compared to healthy controls.
While the findings are not so revolutionary, the study shows that it is an observable process in the brain that is correlated with the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Biomarkers can be eventually used to improve the way mental illnesses are treated. They may also show if any neurochemical process causes them.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder does not have a set pattern of the dramatic episodes of highs and lows. Some people may feel the same (manic or depressed) more frequently before transitioning to the other mood. These episodes can occur over a duration of weeks, months, and even sometimes years.
The severity may differ from person to person and also change over time, fluctuating between less to more severe.
Some symptoms of mania (high episode) are:
- Overjoy, excitement, and optimism
- Sudden transition from happiness to being irritable, angry, and violent.
- Restless behavior
- High energy and less need for sleep
- Lack of concentration and rapid speech
- High libido
- Poor decision and judgment
- Substance and alcohol abuse
- Lack of appetite
- Less need for sleep
- Easily distracted
- A large sense of self-confidence and well-being
During depressive episode or the low phase the symptoms may be exhibited as follows:
- Feeling of hopelessness, worthlessness, and overall pessimist view.
- Loss of energy
- Not able to enjoy the things that they previously did.
- Trouble focusing
- Slow speech
- Less libido
- Inability to feel pleasure
- Uncontrolled crying
- Needing more sleep
- Trouble in decision making
- Appetite changes leading to weight gain or weight loss.
- Death or suicidal thoughts
- Attempts to suicide.
How is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?
If your or your loved ones have symptoms of bipolar disorder, communicate with a family doctor or a psychiatrist. They’ll ask relevant mental health questions and your family history. You’ll also get a complete psychiatric evaluation to rule out the chances of bipolar disorder or other underlying mental health concerns.
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder is determining whether the symptoms are due to other conditions(alcohol or drugs) or medical issues (low thyroid). How severe are the conditions? What was the duration of these conditions? How frequently are the symptoms?
The most significant symptoms of highs or lows in moods, together with changes in sleep, appetite, energy, thinking, and behavior, can help in the diagnosis.
Diagnosis of children and teenagers can be challenging. Although the symptoms may be the same as adults, they have a risk of being misdiagnosed as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or even bad temper/behavior.
If you are worried, your child might have bipolar disorder, consult and discuss with your doctor for a referral to a child psychologist.
Treatments For Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder can be treated; it is an ongoing treatment as it’s a long term condition.
People with four or more mood episodes in a year, or people with alcohol or drug addictions, will be difficult to treat.
Medication is the primary treatment, majorly involving:
- Mood stabilizers, like lamotrigine, carbamazepine, valproate, or lithium.
- Antipsychotic drugs like quetiapine, cariprazine, olanzapine, and lurasidone.
- Anti-anxiety pills or sleep medicines like benzodiazepines or sedatives.
- Antidepressant-antipsychotic drugs, a combination of antidepressant and mood stabilizers.
It can take some time to discover the right combination for you. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should talk to their doctor about medications that are safe for safety.
Psychotherapy is also recommended, along with medications. Some of the options in this regard are:
- Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (ISPRT)
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Family-focused therapy
The more you know about your conditions and symptoms, the better you’ll be able to manage your episodes. It will be helpful to have a compassionate company to manage your condition. Support groups and friends can help you in talking through the situation.
This article discussed the psychology of the bipolar test. It offered a detailed analysis of biomarkers and the symptoms of bipolar disorder.
If you are seeking
Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental illness. It implies you’ll have to cope and live with it for your entire life. The sooner you get the diagnosis, the better will be the outcomes.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Bipolar Test (How To Identify The Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?)
How do doctors diagnose bipolar?
There are no particular blood tests or brain scans to diagnose bipolar disorder. Nonetheless, your doctor may have physical examination and order lab tests, including thyroid function tests and urine analysis. This analysis will help in determining if the underlying conditions or factors are causing the symptoms.
What are the five signs of bipolar disorder?
Both the manic and hypomanic episodes of bipolar disorder may include the following symptoms:
- Increased energy, activity, or agitation.
- Decreased need for sleep.
- Racing thoughts.
- Exaggerated self-confidence (euphoria)
How do you tell if a person is bipolar?
It is possible to identify if the person is bipolar due to the high or manic episode. Bipolar mania can exhibit the following symptoms:
- Feeling overly joyed or “high” for long durations.
- Decreased need for sleep.
- Fast, uninterrupted speech
- Extremely restless and impulsive behavior.
- Easily distracted.
- High sense of self-confidence and capabilities/
- Engaging in risky behavior, such as gambling, impulsive sex, extreme shopping sprees.
Can a bipolar person truly love?
Yes, a person with bipolar disorder can truly love. However, their symptoms and episodes can get overwhelming. So if you love someone with bipolar disorder, be patient and understanding with them and encourage them for treatment.
Can bipolar go away?
Although the symptoms of the bipolar disorder come and go, the treatment is lifetime, and it does not go away on its own.
Bipolar disorder can be a major factor in job loss, family discord, and suicide, but proper treatment can lead to better outcomes.